Reflective Article Review- Sexual Harassment

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According to a survey by Crocker and Kalemba (1999) in “The Incidence and Impact

Of Women’s Experiences of Sexual Harassment in Canadian Workplaces”, sexually

harassed women in the workplace has been considered a contentious social dilemma

as half women in the workforce went through incidence of various types of sexual

harassment at work which made sexual harassment as the most widespread form of

female sexual victimization, 1,990 women divulged their sexual harassment experiences,

responses and how it affected their work and personal lives; furthermore, this analysis

shows the characteristics of female sexual harassment and its consequences at workplace;

moreover, the results are used to discuss complications and the organizational power

theory’s understanding of workplace harassment complications.

Crocker and Kalemba (1999) first present a sexual harassment survey done by

Fitzgerald et al (1988) in the late 1980s in which the survey explore specific issues pertaining

to risk factors and women’s responses to sexual harassment at workplace. The study

was considered as the largest Canadian survey describing 1,990 number of women

that participated about incidence and consequences of female sexual harassment in

Canadian workplaces. Behaviours that are derogatory about women such as visual

sexual materials are considered as gender harassment (542). Furthermore, verbal and

non-verbal treatment are described as unwanted sexual attention while bribery or

intimidation to gain sexual favours are part of sexual coercion (542).

Victims of workplace sexual harassment go through feelings of job

dissatisfaction,absenteeism, nervousness, anger, irritability, low self-esteem and increased

stress level (543). Thacker and Gohmann (1996) research findings showed workplace

sexual harassment are worst in male dominated settings that involved supervisor sexual

harassment, sexual coercion and long term sexual harassment (543). The authors pointed

out that organizational power theory pertains to workplace superiors harassment of

subordinates and how employees are vulnerable to be sexually harassed due to their

superiors authority to be in control of their subordinates work situations such as salary

factor (543). The authors explained that contact theory illustrates the ill effects of

sexual harassment incidents in workplaces; thus, sexually harassed employees suffered

more negative effects in male dominated work environments (543). Moreover, the

authors described positive control theory as the positive relationship between the

length of sexual harassment and ill feelings which means that failure to control the

situation as time goes on makes a sexually harassed victim feels worse (543). However,

the authors mentioned that sexual coercion has the worst effects and most recognized

form of sexual attention (543). Victims of sexual harassment in workplace responded in

different ways such as confronting or ignoring their harassers, discussing the problem

with a superior and filing an official complaint which is very uncommon (543). Victims

of sexual harassment tend to confront their co-workers but not their superiors for

fear of job loss or complaints consequences against someone with authority at work

(544). There are several factors why targets of sexual harassment respond differently;...
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