Week 9: Psychological Disorders|
Project 2 – Psychology in the Popular Media Paper|
Identify and define the psychological construct you have chosen to use. Identify the medium that the construct is evident in and give a brief summary of the story and/or plot of the medium. Explain in detail how the construct is used in the story, play, show, etc. Conclude by identifying what you believe are the good or bad aspects or results of the construct you observe. |
Construct refers to any complex psychological concept. Examples would be a person’s motivation, anger, personality, intelligence, love, attachment, or fear. A Construct’s height, weight or depth cannot be measured because constructs are not concrete materials in the visible world. We know how anger or love look, but we cannot describe in inches or pounds how much there is or where it starts and ends (Construct Defined - Psychology Glossary). The purpose of constructs is to suggest an abstract structure for construing environment. Developing a measure of a psychological construct is a difficult and extremely time-consuming process if it is to be done correctly. Construct validity is an overarching type of validity, and includes face, content, criterion-related, predictive and concurrent validity and convergent and discriminant validity. Convergent validity is demonstrated by the extent to which the measure correlates with other measures designed to assess similar constructs. Discriminant validity refers to the degree to which the scale does not correlate with other measures designed to assess dissimilar constructs. Basically, by providing evidence of all these variations of construct validity (content, criterion-related, convergent and discriminant), you are establishing that your scale measures what it was intended to measure. Face validity refers to whether a measure appears “valid on the face.” In other words, it means that just by looking at it, one would declare that the measure has face validity. Content validity is established by showing that a questionnaire of items (questions) is a sample of a universe or domain in which the researcher is interested. Again, this is a judgment call, but more systematic means can be used such as a concept of mapping and factor analysis (Salovey). Criterion-related validity refers to the relationship between your measure and other independent measures. It is the degree to which your measure uncovers relationships that are in keeping with the theory underlying the construct. Criterion-related validity is an indicator that reflects to what extent scores on your measure of emotional intelligence can be related to a criterion. A criterion is some behavior or cognitive skill of interest that we want to predict using your test scores of emotional intelligence. Evidence of criterion-related validity would usually be demonstrated by the correlation between the test scores and the scores of a criterion performance (Salovey). Criterion-related validity has two sub-components: predictive validity and concurrent validity. Predictive validity refers to the correlation between the test scores and the scores of a criterion performance given at a later date. Concurrent validity refers to the correlation between the test scores and the scores of a criterion performance when both tests are given at the same time. Finally, internal consistency refers to how well the questions correlate to each other and to the total test score. Basically what internal consistency reliability measures are whether the items are all measuring the same thing, whatever that “thing” might be? (Salovey) Emotional intelligence is a psychological construct, as abstract theoretical variable that is invented to explain some phenomenon which is of interest to scientists. Salovey and Mayer, the originators of the concept of emotional intelligence, invented the idea of emotional intelligence to explain...