This documentary will explore how the new wave movement in cinema, throughout France and America, began and how. Giving a brief history of the socioeconomic-cultural context so to understand the formation of the movement. Four films, will aid with this investigation: “400 Blows”(1959, Truffaut), “Breathless”(1960, Jean-Luc Godard) “Bonny and Clyde” (1967, Arthur Penn) and “Blow Up” (1966, Michelangelo Antonioni). These films will be used as a reference so as to give exemplars of this cinematic movement. The demographic that I will be aiming for are adolescents, to give an understanding to a younger generation of New Wave, using techniques to communicate to convey these concepts effectively.
Word Count: 100
Shot Type: MSShot Length: 10secsFX: B/WDescription:Clip starts rolling, The scene from Truffaut’s “Breathless” when the two main characters are walking down the street, title appears on black screen “Nouvelle Vague” and audio fades out
| Up Beat jazz music starts on a beat.No VO until next scene.
| Shot Type: Montage Shot Length: 10sec FX: -Description: Montage of these New Wave films opening sequences: 1. Jules et Jim 2. Masculine Feminine
| Voice over (VO) fades in: “The nouvelle vague or “new wave”, is widely regarded as ne of the most influential movements ever to take place in cinemaDiegetic sound from films cam be heard for a snippet at the end of the clip
| Shot Type: Montage Shot Length: 30sec FX: B/WDescription:Montage of German army occupation, the Hitler regime, tanks and the Gestapo. Then a montage of 60’s hippies at the Woodstock festival, riots and protests in the streets.
| VO: Between the years of 1940-1944 France was occupied by Germany, it was a dark time in their history, the blackout imposed by the Occupying German forces meant that the lights had to be turned out, a shortage of petrol kept cars off the road while the curfew kept people off the streets.The Late 1930’s provided American Cinema with the challenge of totalitarianism during the engagement of American forces in WW2, this altered the purpose of American film, introducing new subjects and themes. Up to 1942, Hollywood films were an escape method, used to distract the public from the horrors of the war. President Roosevelt’s concern with foreign policy and action taken to erode the isolation of the United States in 1938 and later in 1941 caused a reaction on the screens of the American cinemas due to the proximity of Hitler’s war.After the Attack on Pearl Harbour, which seized America in a global conflict, the motion picture industry became totally engaged in the obligations and demands of a government in crisis. Cinema at this time was used to promote the aims of the war effort and to transform political and military attitudes as was the opposing German propaganda films in France at the time. A siren from the era plays for a few seconds at a low volume behind the VO along with the sound from the clips
| Shot Type: Montage Shot Length: 20secFX: B/WDescription:Clip from different kinds of German Propaganda films, especially “Mein Kampf”.
| VO: Film, as one of the only distractions available to the French people, took on an important role in society. American films however being banned in France meant that aside from the German propaganda films, only 200 French films were available for viewing after being approved by German censors.
Shot Type: Montage Shot Length: 1 ½mins FX: -Description:A 30sec long shot of a cinema from the era in Paris at night, a line going down the street.2 20sec clips from the opening sequences of: 1. Lumiere d’ete 2. Les Visiteurs and du SoirWith titles typed in corner.Then another 3 10sec clips from: 1.Stagecoach- end scene 2.Bringing Up Baby- scene 3 3.Grand Hotel- CU of Greta Garbo in coat and hat
| VO: For the younger generation of French filmmakers born around 1930, which would later make up most of the directors of the new wave movement,...
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