I. Background of Study
Language is a very important aspect for human life because it is means of communication that can help people share ideas, wants, and anything else. Carrol (2008, p. 3) stated that it is our most important tool in communicating our thoughts and feeling to each other. Even a very small kid needs language to communicate with others although his language is still very limited. This is supported by the statement of Shweder (cited in Sonawat and Francis, 2007, p.2) saying that language is defined as everyday communications between children. When they are playing games, they also communicate by language so that they can share ideas, express their feeling, and emotions. Also, when they are in school they need to communicate with their teachers to understand about the learning process. Moreover, the teachers also use language to deliver the lesson to the students and talk to them.
In this research, the writer uses psycolinguistic theory to investigate the strategies that the kindergarten teachers use to talk to their student. Harley (2005, p.4) stated that psycolinguistic examine the psycology of language. He also added that psycolinguistics sudies understanding, producing, and remembering language, and language aquisition as well as the way in which it interacs with other psychological system. To communicate with the young children, the teachers have to know their language and psycoogy development so that they can understand them and make them understand what they are talking about. When they understand how to talk and deal with these young children, they can get successful to communicate with them. Therefore, they can teach them and influence them how to be better children and prepare them to enter the elementary school as well as to interact with others as social beings.
In brief, this study which is entitled “A Psycholinguistic Study on How Teachers Talk to Students in Kindergarten” is to show the model of adult’s utterance to children as well as the kindergarten clasroom language strategies that the teachers use so that the young children can understand well and how the adults are supposed to talk to them.
2.1 Problems of Study
Based on the above mentioned statement in the background of the study, this research aims to answer the following problems : 1. What are the strategies used by the kindergarten teachers so their students can understand what they are uttering? 2. How do the students respond to the teachers’ strategies?
1.2 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of this study in this research are to find out : 1. What strategies are used by the kindergarten teachers so that their students understand what they are uttering. 2. How the students respond to the teachers’ strategies.
II. Review and Related Literary
This review and related literature consist of some theories that are related to the study, such as psycholinguistics, which covers the characteristic of teacher talk and the characteristic of kindergarten student. 3.1 Psycholinguistics
According to Harley (2005, p.4) psycholinguistic examines the psychology of language;psycholinguistics is the name given to the study of the psychological process involved in language. The psychological process here can involve how children acquire language, how our brain produces language, how we can understand other sayind and so on. Psycholinguistics tries to examine the psychological process, which happens if someone is expressing sentences when he listens in communication, and how the language is aquired by human being (cited from Slobin, 1974; Meller, 1964; Slama Cazahu, 1973). When someone having conversation with others, he tries to produce language that is appropriate to respond the other’s saying. At this moment, his brain is working to produce sentences and to understand other’s saying....