Research Methods Checkpoint: BEH225 Week One
For this Checkpoint, I completed Appendix B: Research Methods Matrix, and prepared a recommendation to be presented to the Psychologist explaining the rationale behind my choice.
SCENARIO: A psychologist is planning to conduct a study that would examine pathological liars and the quality of their romantic relationships. You have been asked to provide the psychologist with a recommendation for which research method should be used to gather data on the pathological liars and their spouses.
APPENDIX B: Using the table below list each research method and its advantages and disadvantages for use in this study.
Research Method | Advantages | Disadvantages |
Naturalistic Observation: Behavior is observed in the environment in which it occurs naturally. | There are no advantages for this method, in relation to the study, because pathological liars do so in most environments. | The disadvantages are observer bias, and a tendency for partners to also be enablers. |
Case Studies: Behavior of one person or a few peopleis studied in depth. | In-depth studies often help the observer in forming a hypothesis. | The disadvantages are observer bias, and a tendency for partners to also be enablers |
Survey: A large number of participants are asked a standard set of questions. | Surveys enable an immense amount of data to be gathered quickly and inexpensively. | Respondents to surveys often answer questionnaires in a manner that paints the best picture. Additionally, partners tend to also be enablers; therefore they might not respond honestly. |
Correlation: Employs statistical methods to examine the relationship between two or more variables. | Correlation research may clarify relationships between variables that cannot be examined by other research methods. They allow prediction of behavior | This does not permit researchers to draw conclusions regarding cause-and-effect relationships.... [continues]
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