December 19, 2012
Dr. Kathlyn J. Kirkwood
PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
The Psychoanalytic Theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler contributed so much to psychology as we know it today. As developers of the theory of personality involving the id, ego, and superego, which led to the therapy method known as psychoanalysis, Freud, Jung and Adler shared many ideas and fought over many concepts in developing each of their versions of what became the beginning of psychotherapy. These three scientists came up with the fledgling ideation that led to many modern theories of human behavior, thought, and personality. Most psychologists recognize these three as the pioneers of modern theories. The theories of all three are very complex and difficult to understand (The Science and Practice of Clinical Psychology, 2007). Freud, Jung, and Adler became fast friends through their avid interest in psychology. Alfred Adler, a medical doctor with a deep interest in psychology and human nature, met Freud in their native Vienna in 1900 at a medical conference where Freud presented his new theories about dreams and the unconscious. Freud met Jung and after a mega- meeting of thirteen hours of discussion, became cohorts in spreading the wonder of psychoanalysis (Bridle & Edlestein, 2000, Spring/Summer). Alfred Adler and Carl Jung liked Freud’s definitions of id, ego, and superego, but had no interest in the sexual ideation in his theory. There was also significant tension between Freud and Jung. Freud believed that religion had no place in psychological theory. Carl Jung separated from Sigmund Freud to develop his own human personality theory based on his belief that the human psyche has an undeniable religious nature (Malamud, 1923). He thought dreams contained significant insight into people's psyche and theorized that for people to become whole, they should be taught to integrate the unconscious with the...