Promote Creativity and Creative Learning in Young Children

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1.1
Creative activities are fun for children, they are suggested to help children have positive experiences and develop important characteristics and abilities which lead to a sense of purpose and achievement. Creativity helps children find ways of expressing themselves through the arts, giving them opportunities to explore different medias. It involves being imaginative and original. Creativity involves activities such as: Drawing/painting

Design
Modelling and sculpting
Craft
Creative movement
Music
Role play/small world

Creativity is often more about the process rather than the end project, it is useful for many reasons: Developing confidence
Developing good relationships
Finding our strengths and weaknesses
Developing communication
Team work
Concentration
Developing imagination
Learning to problem solve

Creative learning is about how children are actively involved in their own learning and their ability to problem solve and use their imagination. Creative learning activities may have goals sometimes which will help children to practice using their skills of problem solving and imagination. To reach their goal children will use and explore a range of different materials, depending on the creative activity, be it a sculpture, den or expressive dance. They can use their creative learning to overcome a problem in creativity. This can be achieved through providing a creative environment allowing exploration through play and praising creative efforts.Creativity is about risk taking and making connections, allowing children to explore and express themselves through a variety of media or materials including, dance, music, making things, drawing, painting and make believe and to make new things emerge as a result. Being creative is strongly linked to play and can emerge through a child being absorbed in their own actions and ideas.

1.2
Most theorists of child development view young children as highly creative with a natural tendency to imagine, experiment and explore their physical environment.Several different theoretical approaches that aim to explain creativity and creative learning. This area is complex as creativity involves so many processes. Creativity as a process

Focussed on by some theories, these models look at how new ideas emerge. One of the earliest theories was suggested by Graham Wallas, he proposed a 5-stage model. A focus on the importance of the unconscious mind: Preparation (initial thoughts about a problem)

Incubation (time spent thinking unconsciously)
Intimation (awareness of an answer)
Insight (conscious awareness of answer)
Verification (solution worked upon)

In support of Wallas’s model, there is some research by psychologists with adults showing that sleep is an important component in problem solving.

Lateral thinking Edward de Bono proposes that creative thinking needs to be organised he treats creativity as the behaviour of information in a self organising information system and he has been the author of several books about this. Quote

“Creative thinking - in terms of idea creativity - is not a mystical talent. It is a skill that can be practised and nurtured.” “Creativity involves breaking out of established patterns in order to look at things in a different way.” Edward de Bono

Including books for children which aids them in problem solving using a process model. This style has been criticised as being too ‘pragmatic’ by people such as Robert Sternberg.

Nature vs. Nurture
Are some children naturally creative?
Or nurtured?

Cognitive theories
The way in which children make associations and connections by focusing on the way the brain processes information. A child can look at creative object, piece of material and while concentrating on the shape can make a connection to a similar object (Box - House). Theorists such as Robert Sternberg and Howard Gardner argue that making these new connections is a type of intelligence. In practice these theories...
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