Project Report on Healthcare in India

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PROJECT REPORT
ON
Healthcare in India

SUBMITTED TO:
Ms.Elba Mandrelle
SUBMITTED BY:
aspandan

\ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my sincere thanks to all directly or indirectly helped me to complete my project report .I would have been difficult to carry out this project work without the inspiration and assistance from the people around me.

I pay my sincere gratitude to respected Elba mandrelle, whose active cooperation and inspiration enable me in the completion of the project. I am thankful to my friend Aspandan for their helpful and co-operative nature.

Thanks.

CONTENT

1. Introduction
2. Health care issue
2.1. Malnutrition
2.2. High infant mortality rate
2.3. Diseases
2.4. Poor sanitation
2.5. Inadequate safe drinking water
3. Rural health
4. Female Health Issues
5. National Rural Health Mission
5.1. Public and private sector
5.2. Healthcare infrastructure
5.3. Additional Benefits
5.4Facilities
6. Indian Health Organization
6.1. Product offerings
6.2Core Benefits
6.3Comprehensive Card
6.4. Additional Benefits
6.5. Facilities
7. National Rural Health Mission

7. Health status and problem in India
7.1 Life expectancy
7.2. Uttar Pradesh NRHM scam 2011
7.3. Life expectancy
7.4. Mortality
7.5. Morbidity
7.6. Disability
7.7. Objectives and aims
8. Conclusion
9. Refrences

INTRODUCTION
Healthcare in India features a universal health care system run by the constituent states and territories of India. The Constitution charges every state with "raising the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties". The National Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and updated in 2002. Parallel to the public health sector, and indeed more popular than it, is the private medical sector in India. Both urban and rural Indian household tend to use private medical sector more frequently than public sector, as reflected in surveys. Healthcare Issues

Malnutrition
42% of India’s children below the age of three are malnourished, which is greater than the statistics of sub-Saharan African region of 28%.Although India’s economy grew 50% from 2001–2006, its child-malnutrition rate only dropped 1%, lagging behind countries of similar growth rate. Malnutrition impedes the social and cognitive development of a child, reducing his educational attainment and income as an adult. These irreversible damages result in lower productivity.

High infant mortality rate
Approximately 1.72 million children die each year before turning one. The under five mortality and infant mortality rates have been declining, from 202 and 190 deaths per thousand live births respectively in 1970 to 64 and 50 deaths per thousand live births in 2009. However, this rate of decline is slowing. Reduced funding for immunization leaves only 43.5% of the young fully immunized. A study conducted by the Future Health Systems Consortium in Murshidabad, West Bengal indicates that barriers to immunization coverage are adverse geographic location, absent or inadequately trained health workers and low perceived need for immunization. Infrastructure like hospitals, roads, water and sanitation are lacking in rural areas. Shortages of healthcare providers, poor intra-partum and newborn care, diarrheal diseases and acute respiratory infections also contribute to the high infant mortality rate. Diseases

Diseases such as dengue fever, hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria and pneumonia continue to plague India due to increased resistance to drugs. And in 2011, India developed a totally drug-resistant form of tuberculosis. India is...
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