WATER HYACINTH (EICHHORNIA CRASSIPES) STALK
A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) plants grow abundantly here in the Philippines. They can be easily found on the bodies of water like rivers and lakes. They are problems in our community because they clog our rivers resulting to flood. They also block the sunlight, killing our aquatic animals. Thus, the researchers thought of discovering helpful products of the said plant. For the time being, ropes are being used by other people in their jobs. Take for instance in construction sites – synthetic ropes are in demand. But synthetic ropes are not environment-friendly and when disposed are not easily decomposed. Thereafter, the researchers thought of using the stalk of water hyacinth in producing an environment-friendly rope. In this way, people will not only appreciate the existence of the water hyacinths but will also help save the environment as well as make a living.
B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
General:Will the researchers be able to produce a rope out of a stalk of a plant?
Specific:Will the researchers be able to utilize the stalk of water hyacinth in the production of an affordable and environment-friendly rope that can be use by people every day? C. STATEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVE
General:The researchers will manufacture a rope made from stalk of plants. Specific:The researchers will start the production of rope out of the stalk of water hyacinth to be used in different aspects of our everyday lives.
D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Rope is a flexible line made of fibers or wires twisted or braided together for tensile strength. Ropes may be made of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, jute, flax or sisal; of synthetic filaments, such as nylon, polyester or glass fibers; or of metallic wire. It is used for hauling heavy objects. Climbers also use ropes to belay or secure one another – one climbs while another holds the rope to prevent any fall or slip. There are more uses of rope. Hence, the researchers conducted a study on how to make a rope that is more practical and feasible. E. SCOPE AND LIMITATION
This study deals only on the production of rope out of the stalks of water hyacinth and it covers the properties of water hyacinth stalks, the extraction of fibers and the process of making a rope. The researchers were not able to construct a simple rope machine that will help them construct a rope. However, they were still able to produce the product which was made manually. F. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The seven species of water hyacinth comprise the genus Eichhornia. Water hyacinth is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant native to tropical and sub-tropical South America. With broad, thick, glossy, ovate leaves, water hyacinth may rise above the surface of the water as much as 1 meter in height. The leaves are 10–20 cm across, and float above the water surface. They have long, spongy and bulbous stalks. The feathery, freely hanging roots are purple-black. An erect stalk supports a single spike of 8-15 conspicuously attractive flowers, mostly lavender to pink in colour with six petals. When not in bloom, water hyacinth may be mistaken for frog's-bit (Limnobium spongia). One of the fastest growing plants known, water hyacinth reproduces primarily by way of runners orstolons, which eventually form daughter plants. It also produces large quantities of seeds, and these are viable up to thirty years. The common water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is vigorous growers known to double their population in two weeks. In Assamese they are known as Meteka. In Sinhala they are known as Japan Jabara due to their use in World War II to fool Japanese pilots into thinking lakes were fields usable to land their aircraft, leading to crashes. In Burmese they are known as Baydar. In Southern Pakistan, they are the provincial flower of Sindh. In the Philippines, they...