Poverty in Pakistan

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Poverty in Pakistan

Abstract:

Poverty is Pakistan’s biggest problem which today’s Pakistan facing, it is interconnected with several elements which are having direct or indirect relationship with poverty. This paper is an effort to find out and discuss the elements related to poverty and it is a contribution from author to do something for his country and same time for the rest of world. Poverty in Pakistan does not affect people of Pakistan only but it has an effect on rest of world as well. Today Pakistani could be found everywhere in the world in search of better earning, a lot of them are illegal immigrants and some are involved in terror activities which is equally dangerous for all humanity. During research author found four factors which causes poverty in Pakistan, they are Education, fundamentalism, overpopulation and political instability. Each of the factors is explained in details in this paper. Two other factors were found which provide the foundation for above given four causes of poverty, misleading and injustice are the basic factors. Relationship between these factors is proved through previous done research and presence of these factors in Pakistan also proved which shows these factors are contributing towards poverty in Pakistan.

Introduction:

Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter. Poverty is the condition of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country, or compared to worldwide averages. Poverty is one of the major social problems which Pakistan is facing. It is one of the most important and sensitive issue not only for Pakistan but for the whole world. Poverty can cause other social problems like theft, bribe, corruption, adultery, lawlessness, injustice etc.

Background of Research:
Islamic Republic of Pakistan came into being in 1947, a country in south Asia, sharing its border with China, India, Afghanistan and Iran. According to IMF (International monitory fund) Pakistan is on number 27 in the world according to its GDP and World Bank listed Pakistan on 26th place. Pakistan is rich in natural resources; it has Arable land, natural gas, limited oil, hydropower, coal, iron core, copper, salt and limestone. Pakistan is semi industrial country, which has textile, food processing, pharmaceutical, construction material, shrimp, fertilizer, and paper industry. Despite of having many resources, human capital and good GDP; Pakistan is still a developing county and its economy is struggling. Poverty is Pakistan’s growing concern although middles class has been grown to 35 million (The News, 2008). Nearly one quarter of population is classified as poor (UNDP, 2008). The goal here to find out how misleading and injustice caused poverty in Pakistan in relation with health, political situation, fundamentalism This effort would be helpful for government agencies, non government organizations and other donor agencies such as UN, US Aid, Aus Aid etc to fight against poverty in Pakistan. Research Problems:

The significance of this research lies in that better understanding of causes of poverty and its adverse effects and outcome of these effects which could be corruption, injustice, depriving others rights and fundamentalism, which could see in Pakistan. Poor parents are forced to send their children to Madrisas (Religious schools) or only option they have to send their children for child labour which is banned in Pakistan but in madrisas children are getting free food and lodging facilities. Some of madrisas are producing a big army of fundamentalist every year (Farooqe sulahria, http://links.org.au/node/117). It's not unusual in Pakistan to hear of public schools that receive no books, no supplies, and no subsidies from the government. Thousands more are 'ghost schools' that exist only on paper, to line the pockets of phantom teachers and administrators...
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