Philosophy Test Questions with Answers

Topics: Logic, Philosophy, Scientific method Pages: 2 (298 words) Published: September 12, 2013
1. Question :
A scientific hypothesis is
Student Answer: CORRECT a tentative claim to be tested. INCORRECT a clever remark designed to confuse an audience. an appeal to radical skepticism.
a valid argument.

2. Question :
Descartes worried a great deal about the threat posed by which of the following?

Student Answer: Christians
CORRECT Skeptics
Masons
Jesuits

3. Question :
Examining reasons and constructing arguments can hel
Student Answer: INCORRECT everyday life.
science.
ethics.
CORRECT All of the above.

4. Question :
If the word "should" appears in a sentence, that sentence will always involve an ethical claim.
Student Answer: INCORRECT True CORRECT False

5. Question :
Logic can help analyze ethical problems.

6. Question :
"If I move to Texas, I will need air conditioning. I don't need air conditioning. So I didn't move to Texas" is an argument form known as

Student Answer: modus ponens.
modus spumoni.
modus operandi.
CORRECT modus tollens.
7. Question :
Which of the following may not qualify as a falsifiable claim?

Student Answer: CORRECT Your luck will improve.
Your house will be sold tomorrow.
INCORRECT Granite is more dense than sand.
Smoking may cause heart disease.

8. Question :
French philosopher René Descartes tried to show that

Student Answer: Gruyere made the best cheese sandwiches. all philosophical arguments were inductive arguments. INCORRECT radical skepticism was the best approach to philosophy. CORRECT at least one thing could be shown to be absolutely true.

9. Question :
A strongly supported claim in science should be regarded as
Student Answer: CORRECT correct, but something that can always be revised. necessarily true....
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