Personal Care, Hygiene, and Grooming
A guide to help students to understand the importance of
health maintenance and the professional ethics that apply when providing personal care.
Personal Care Guidelines are also included in this unit.
• Understand why personal hygiene is an important part of good health maintenance
• Understand what areas are included in health maintenance • Know when to offer choices when providing personal care
• Understand that professional ethics should always be applied when providing personal care.
Personal Care, Hygiene, and Grooming
The most important aspect of maintaining good health is good personal hygiene. Personal hygiene which is also referred to as personal care includes all of the following: Bathing and Showering
Personal hygiene is keeping the body clean, and helps prevent the spread of germs. Grooming is caring for fingernails and hair examples of these activities would be styling hair, shaving, trimming and painting fingernails. Maintaining good health also includes the following areas: Nutrition, Leisure/recreation opportunities, sleep, and exercise. As you can see, there are many factors that contribute to feeling and looking good. Feeling and looking good are important to each individual’s emotional and physical wellbeing. In your role your responsibilities’ will vary from assisting to providing personal care. These activities are very important and unique for each individual. The toolkit includes a set of professional ethics that guide the student in everything he or she does. When assisting individuals with personal care, the students should be especially mindful of professional ethics. These ethics or principles become routine as they are practiced and applied each day.
• Respect: I will respect the individuals I support and help others recognize their value. Personal care should be provided with dignity and respect for the individual.
• Promoting Physical and Emotional Well-Being: I am responsible for supporting the emotional, physical, and personal well-being of individuals receiving support, while being attentive to reducing their risk of harm. Personal care should be provided safely and in a way that promotes the physical and emotional wellbeing of the individual. • Confidentiality: I will protect and respect the confidentiality and privacy of the individuals I support. An individual has the legal right to have his or her support needs kept confidential and to privacy for personal care.
• Honesty and Responsibility: I will support the mission of my profession to assist individuals to live the kind of life they choose. I will be a partner to the individuals I support. Individuals should be supported in doing as much for themselves as possible.
• Self-Determination: I will assist the individuals I support to direct the course of their own lives. Individuals have the right to direct how personal care is provided.
Depending on the abilities of each individual, the individual will need to provide more or less support. It is important to remember that having opportunities to make choices is a key to leading a healthy happy life. Just as individuals have the opportunity to make choices about what clothes to wear and what to eat; they need to have the choice of how and when they complete their personal care activities. For example, one individual might like to bathe at night, while another likes to shower in the morning. Having choices about personal care also involves letting the individual make choices about whom or which DSP will provide the personal care. Individuals have the right to choose the person they trust, feel comfortable, and safe with to assist with personal care. New support people should develop a relationship with the individual before providing personal care. This may mean that sometimes the individual may chose to wait until the next day to...
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