Past, Present,, and Future of Computers

Topics: Computer, Personal computer, Word processor Pages: 5 (1694 words) Published: January 8, 2014
A computer is an electronic device that is used to automate processes in order to enhance the quality of life for all people. This device will be used extensively in the future because of its availability and its ability to simplify many of the actions in our daily lives. Computers are devices that have a rich history, a revolutionary present, and a promising future mainly due to the fact that it’s a device that remains prominent in our everyday lives. The importance of a computer is emphasized by the quote: “I'm a great believer that any tool that enhances communication has profound effects in terms of how people can learn from each other, and how they can achieve the kind of freedoms that they're interested in.” – Bill Gates. The quotation by Bill Gates elaborates upon the fact that computers make for a more connected society where an idea can be communicated to anybody who wishes to act on the idea. The first computers were made by individuals who were striving to create devices that have the ability to automate processes. Individuals such as Alan Turing innovated and transformed the computer industry by creating the blueprint for the algorithms and computations for computers called the Turing Model. The Turing Model paved the way for the first working programmable computer that is automatic was called the Z3 Computer made by Konrad Zuse in 1936. (Wikipedia.org). The next major computer with workable programming that was made was the IBM 701 EDPM Computer. IBM became one of the first computers to be marketed by a major company. From the creation of the IBM 701, the first successful programming language called FORTRAN was created by IBM and John Backus. The next major innovation was the computer mouse made by Douglas Englebart. The 1970’s was one of the most innovative decades for computers with the invention of the floppy disk, random access memory, microprocessors and the first computers available to consumers. All of these components made way for the marketing and technology involved in modern day computing. The two major computer rivals, Apple and Microsoft, entered the stage with during the late 1970’s all the way though the 1980’s, giving competition to IBM. Apple released Apple I, Apple II, and the Apple Lisa Computer, which had the first graphic user interface, and the Apple Macintosh, which revolutionized the market by making computers more affordable to the public. During this time, Microsoft developed MS-DOS operating system and the business renowned Microsoft Windows. Smaller companies contributed to the computer industry by creating with the creation of WordStar, which is the first word processing software, and VisiCalc Spreadsheet, which was the first software which had a similar function as Excel.(Bellis 1)

Computers in the present day are part of our everyday lives with its increased availability to everybody, the convenience it provides and the successful marketing that many companies use to promote the idea that their technology will make life better as a whole. The current market is dominated by mobile computing such as smartphones and tablets, with the traditional laptop and desktop losing market share. The shift in mobile computing is largely due to the fact that mobile computers are cheaper, more portable, and able to do most of the actions that the traditional computer can do. Most smartphones are essentially an ultimate system for entertainment, business and social interaction because they provide features such as cameras and applications that help us communicate, navigate, socialize, work, and play. Tablet computing on the other hand strikes a balance with the traditional computer and the smartphone due to its size, portability and smartphone-like features. Many technology companies today are shifting into the development of new and revolutionary products to improve the processing capability on our smartphones and tablets instead of the traditional personal computer market. The computer...
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