The focus of this paper is to review the era of parliamentary democracy in Bangladesh since it’s emergence in the year 1991. The raison d'etre of our war of independence was parliamentary democracy, and that commitment had been reflected in her Constitution in 1972. Still 20 years took for the light to shine in her political history which was already marked by a mixed and scandalous culture. Parliamentary democracy first came into being in 1991 when Bangladesh national party ,one of the two ever present force in political arena took power after national election .The main emphasis is on the working of parliamentary democracy after 1991.The total review is based on the time length that holds the history of democracy in Bangladesh after 1991 and is derived mostly from the national events and their consequences.
South Asian countries have had a variable democratic history since their emergence from British colonial rule in the late 1940s.The region’s political diversity is exemplified by monarchical rule in Nepal ,long running armed struggles in Srilanka ,alternating military and civil regimes in Bangladesh and Pakistan and India’s established democratic system. In the midst of all these and the events those inspire this variety, Bangladesh also shares a history unique for it’s ups and downs .democracy is a form of government that was sought by every Bangladeshi .But the breakout from Pakistan has left some stills .the 15 years period of mainly military rule was to define the course of history only for the mass upsurge of late 80’s and the unity of the political parties against the cause paved the way for a parliamentary form of democracy in Bangladesh .It was the people who brought about the change but the road after 1991 is much worse than it was thought to have been. Our achievements in the field of democracy and development are not noteworthy. The nation has failed to put democracy into practice. Parties voted into power to strengthen democracy have all failed to encourage it’s values. The country today is riddled with various problems threatening the very development of democracy in Bangladesh. However the prospects for a politically developed and economically prosperous Bangladesh is marked by people’s eagerness towards democracy and progress.
Conceptual analysis Democracy The term democracy is derived from the Greek words,” demos” and“Kratos”, the former meaning the people and the latter power. Democracy thus means power of the people. Definitions of democracy differ in their content and application. Democracy, according to the Greeks is the Government in which people rule over themselves. Aristotle considered it as a perverted form of government. Herodotus says, the democracy denotes that form of government in which in the ruling power of the state is largely vested in the members of the community as a whole. Karl Marx said Democracy is the road to socialism.
In words of President Abraham Lincoln who in his famous Gettysburg speech said ,It is a “government of the people, by the people and for the people”.
Parliamentary Democracy is a representative democracy where government is appointed by representatives as opposed to a 'presidential rule' wherein the President is both head of state and the head of government and is elected by the voters. Under a parliamentary democracy, government is exercised by delegation to an executive ministry and subject to ongoing review, checks and balances by the legislative parliament...