DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN
What is democracy?
Nature of democracy.
Beginning of democracy
Democracy since creation
Causes of failure of democracy
Impacts of democracy
Measures for the survival of democracy
“The essence of democracy is its assurance that people should so respect himself and should be so respected in his own personality that he should have opportunity equal to that of every other human being to show what he was meant to become.” Ana Garlin Spencer
Democracy is the most powerful foam of government. It is also regarded as the decisive foam of government. It requires active participation of people in the decision making process. Without public collaboration, democracy cannot flourish properly. It is the most favorable foam of government as well. The great personality of entire subcontinent Quaid-a-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the staunch supporter of public participation in formulating government. He was the promoter of democracy in Pakistan. According to Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is the foam of government for the people, by the people, and through the people” Dr Hassan Askari rightly defines “democracy in the precise and appropriate manner. According to him, It is a process which people initiates by conscious decision and sustain by subscribing to its principle by theory and practices.” Here the question arises, what is the nature of democracy? The nature of democracy is evolutionary. It is not achieved at once. It is the long process. It needs strong collaboration. The birth place of democracy was England. Sir Robert Walpole became Prime minister in 1722.Parliamentray democracy started in England first. Before industrial revolution, concentration of wealth was under the control of feudal lords, which was disastrous for the promotion of democracy. Feudalism was a threat for democracy. History clearly reflects that feudal class was great threat for the establishment of democratic practice. After Industrial revolution wealth was divided and distributed. Middle class came to forefront which promoted ideal foam of democracy in different countries. Democracy first finds ground in India after England. Jawaharlal Nehru Comprehended the entire scenario of feudalism. He did not give chance to feudalism to hold ground. These initial efforts brought tremendous change in India. It laid down the foundation of strong democracy. Active participation of people has been viewed in India. Pakistan as a sovereign state came into existence on 14 august 1947.The initial years of Pakistan was encircled with multitudes of crises. Bundles of crises have not given smooth path for the establishment of strong democracy. Since independence Pakistan has been facing a lot of turbulences in the path of democracy. Utter failures have been viewed since independence. It creates a sense of self deprivation among masses. Active participation of people has not been viewed since independence. The main causes of failure of democracy in Pakistan are summarized as follows: Overdeveloped state structure, political instability, military intervention, massive corruption, lack of accountability, weak infrastructure, feudal dispensation, institutional crises, constitutional crises, strong bureaucracy, low level of political socialization, extremism, weak civil society and absence of mature leadership. Presence of these causes is always considered as a menace to democracy. Now let’s have a cursory look on the elaboration of the following causes. Overdeveloped state structure causes a great hurdle in the path of democracy. Pakistan has been facing this challenge since independence. The monopolization and centralization of power have creating a lot of problem for Pakistan. It creates hurdles in the way of smooth democracy. Political instability is the main threat to democratic process. It creates unnecessary barriers in the process of democracy. Pakistan has been facing this menace since...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document