Parent Child Intensive Therapy

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Today in America parents are exhausting their skills to discipline their children who have difficult behavior problems. Coping with these situations sometimes results in parents who are overwhelmed and unable to manage their children’s behavior or control their own reactions. Inherited discipline techniques from the previous generation, such as spanking can lead to frustrated parents who lacking skills and knowledge, and in some instances child abuse. As a result of a combination of environment and genetics there is a population of children that will be at risk when they become adolescents. Their negative behavior puts them in jeopardy for being given a title and diagnosis of Disruptive Behavior Disorder that can include Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder. Youth without a diagnosis who exhibit some of the similar negative behaviors can also benefit from Parent-Child Therapy (The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare [CEBC] n.d.). Therefore the prevention of difficult behavior problems is a high priority for parents in America today. The goal of this paper will be to give evidence the Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) treatment for Disruptive Behavior Disorders is successful. The evidence- based PCIT model approach to child abuse prevention emphasizes Parent- Directed Interaction and Child- Directed Interaction. This duo is specifically designed to strengthen the parent-child bond and decrease severe and unproductive provocative discipline tactics, while improving social skills and reducing negative behaviors. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy was developed for families with children experiencing behavior and emotional problems. Parent and child interaction and training, as well as education, can result in successful discipline techniques. Playing with children and creating warmth and trust can build a successful support system for parents learning how to react with consistency and care. Research shows the main goal of PCIT is to promote the best parenting possible through communication and interaction possible. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy works from both attachment and social learning theories to achieve parenting skills that produce positive results. The attachment theory tells us that sensitive and responsive parenting provides the foundation for a child’s sense of knowing that he can depend on a response when in need. Parents who show warmth, and respond with sensitivity to the child’s behaviors are more likely to develop a secure relationship and more effective emotional and behavioral results (CEBC n.d.). The therapy of choice is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, which has been given the Scientific Rating of 1 because it has been deemed as Well-Supported by Research Evidence. PCIT has proven results that will improve relationships and reduce the abuse. When hard to manage behaviors occur they are reinforced by negative responses from exhausted, frustrated, parents, PCIT can open the door to a more positive interaction to defuse the situation. This promising evidence- based modality of treatment demonstrates the importance of parents meeting their children’s basic needs for nurturance and secure boundaries, as defined within this paper. PCIT therapists use behavioral principles such as modeling, reinforcement, and positive communication, while coaching parents to enhance their skills as an effective parent. This modality of treatment can create a powerful bond between the parent and child as the parent gives effective instructions. The instructions are direct, specific, and stated in a positive way, politely spoken, and given one at a time with a reason that is followed by praise for a positive response, following the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC n.d.).

The foundation of PCIT consists of two components: Child- Directed Interaction (CDI), and Parent- Directed Interaction (PDI). The focus is on changing behaviors of...
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