Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, but by 1700 the region had evolved into two distinct societies. This difference can be found from the very beginning of the colonies. The New England colonies were founded for pure religion; the Chesapeake colonies were originally founded during the great search for gold, and later continued as slave-supported plantation colonies. The New Englanders would become successful from their hard work, thrift, and the quality of their commitment to God and each other. The South on the other hand prospered because of the quantity of their land and the crops harvested there. New England was settled to be “the city on the hill” (Document A John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity) and was settled purely for religion. One early shipment of passengers contained a minister and a large family, a few tailors and clothiers, and several husbandmen (small farmers) along with their families. (Document B Ship's List of Emigrants Bound for New England) When these people arrived they set up a puritan community with strict religious views. John Winthrop said, in a nut shell, that they all needed to stick together to grow a sense of community and religion. They set up a wage and pricing system to help them not to be oppressed and to further help them serve god. (Document E wage and price regulations in Connecticut) They also tried to further the welfare of the populace by enforcing God's Biblical laws. Finally, the rugged land of New England did was not very fertile there for they could not yield the amount of crops to support themselves such as Chesapeake. This led to an economy based on business, banking, and shipping. Unlike the New England colonies, the Chesapeake colony of Virginia never made had any intentions of being a religious settlement. Other than a little support for the Church of England, there was hardly any spiritual enthusiasm among the early...
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