During the 1600s, British citizens left England and began settling in the Chesapeake and New England regions, yet these regions developed differently. Migrants came to the New World with distinct motives that, in effect made the regions develop differently; the New Englanders came in search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake settlers came in search of economic prosperity. The New Englanders search for religious freedom caused them to develop a diverse economy, societies with tightly bound communities that stressed education and finally a political system based on church membership; meanwhile in the Chesapeake settlers search for economic prosperity helped them to develop a farming and trading economy, a society with spread out plantations whose owners ruled over the black slaves and a political system with all the power in the hands of wealthy, land-owning, white men. Thus, New England and Chesapeake regions developed different socially, politically and economically primarily because of their motives.
The primary factor in why the New England and Chesapeake regions developed into two distinct societies were their initial motives. The colonist that settled in New England went in search of religious freedom and to flee persecution by King Charles I and Arch Bishop Laud. As preacher John Winthrop stated in A Model of Christian Charity in 1630, the Puritans wanted to become “a city upon a hill”(A). By becoming this “city” the Puritans wanted everyone to look at them as a model for a perfect society. In contrast, the Chesapeake colonists’ motives were money and land. Initially all the colonist came with gold tests instead of supplies with the thought of striking it rich, as John Smith said onboard the Arbela, “There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold load gold…”(F). This obsession for gold was the main reason for the “starving time,” where all the gentlemen refused to hunt or gather, thus starving and dying. Eventually, as a result of...
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