Organic Farming

Topics: Organic farming, Agriculture, Organic food Pages: 60 (19108 words) Published: June 29, 2014
National Project on Organic farming
Deptt of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt of India

Organic Agriculture
(Concept, Scenario, Principals and Practices)

By
A.K Yadav
Director
National Centre of Organic Farming,
Ghaziabad

National Centre of Organic Farming
Department of Agriculture and Cooperation,
Ministry of Agriculture, Govt of India,
CGO-II, Kamla Nehru Nagar
Ghaziabad, 201 001, Uttar Pradesh

1 National Centre of Organic Farming, Ghaziabad

National Project on Organic farming
Deptt of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt of India

Index
S.No.
1.

Chapter name
Organic Agriculture concept and scenario
Concept
1. The world of Organic Agriculture
2. Organic Agriculture in India

Page No.
3
4
7

2.

The Principals of Organic Agriculture

12

3.

Organic Management – An Integrated Approach
Management Principals
1. Developing organic farm
2. Conversion of soil to organic
3. Multiple cropping and crop rotation
4. Crop rotation
5. Seed/ Planting material Treatment
6. Manuring and soil enrichment
7. Use of Biofertilizers and microbial cultures
8. Some important formulations for soil enrichment
9. Management of Temperature
10. Protection to all life forms
11. Pest management

15
15
16
18
19
20
21
21
22
23
23
24
24

4.

Some Other forms of Organic Management
and Inputs
1. Biodynamic Agriculture
2. Rishi Krishi
3. Panchgavya Krishi
4. Natural farming
5. Natueco Farming
6. Homa Farming
7. EM – Technology

27

While sustaining soil and ecosystem health organic farming
also promises high productivity
1. Results of 21 year DOK trial
2. Results of 21 year trial at Rodale Institute
3. Result of 7 year long-term field trial at ICRISAT
4. 4 Years study under Network Project on Organic Farming
(ICAR)

41

Comparing Safety and Quality of Food in Conventional and
Organic Farming
Organic Certification
1. Purpose of certification
2. The certification process
3. Certification system in India
4. National Programme on Organic Production
5. National Standards for Organic Production (NSOP)
6. Grower Group Certification System
7. Certification Procedure in brief
8. Conditions for Products used in fertilization and soil
conditioning in organic farming
9. Conditions for Products used in Plant pest and disease
control

47

Accredited Inspection and Certification agencies

59

5.

6.
7.

8.

27
30
30
31
31
36
38

42
42
43
45

49
49
49
50
50
51
53
55
56
57

2 National Centre of Organic Farming, Ghaziabad

National Project on Organic farming
Deptt of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt of India

Organic Agriculture
Concept and Scenario
Introduction
Organic agriculture has grown out of the conscious efforts by inspired people to create the best possible relationship between the earth and men. Since its beginning the sphere surrounding organic agriculture has become considerably more complex. A major challenge today is certainly its entry into the policy making arena, its entry into anonymous global market and the transformation of organic products into commodities. During the last two decades, there has also been a significant sensitization of the global community towards environmental preservation and assuring of food quality. Ardent promoters of organic farming consider that it can meet both these demands and become the mean for complete development of rural areas. After almost a century of development organic agriculture is now being embraced by the mainstream and shows great promise commercially, socially and environmentally. While there is continuum of thought from earlier days to the present, the modern organic movement is radically different from its original form. It now has environmental sustainability at its core in addition to the founders concerns for healthy soil, healthy food and healthy people.

Concept of organic farming
Organic farming is very much native to this land. Whosoever tries...
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