The researchers conclude that setting up a "trading market," where farmers earn financial incentives for investing in eco-friendly techniques, would result in a double environmental benefit -- reducing fertilizer run-off destined for the Chesapeake Bay, while at the same time capturing carbon dioxide headed for the atmosphere. The study, Multiple Ecosystem Markets in Maryland, advises the state's Department of the Environment how to set up a "nutrient trading market," as proposed in the 2008 state climate action plan. This nutrient trading would operate alongside markets that sell carbon dioxide credits. The CIER study examines the effects of operating both markets simultaneously. In these markets, farmers who reduce pollutants below a set level would earn credits. They would sell these credits to other operators, such as sewage and water treatment facilities or power plants that have difficulty meeting environmental targets. No direct government subsidies would be involved. In these markets, farmers who reduce pollutants below a set level would earn credits. They would sell these credits to other operators, such as sewage and water treatment facilities or power plants that have difficulty meeting environmental targets. No direct government subsidies would be involved.
One key question for policy-makers is whether farmers who achieve reductions in watershed pollution while also capturing CO2 should be able to sell credits in both markets and, in effect, get dual payments for single action. Another key question is whether sufficient carbon dioxide will be captured and traded to justify creation of the market. To determine this, CIER and the World Resources Institute developed a dynamic systems model and projected the likely volumes of carbon dioxide involved. Dual benefits
As an example of a best management practice providing the dual environmental benefit, the report points to conservation buffers -- putting a green swath of trees or other plants between farm and stream to absorb run-off and filter out pollutants. But, this green buffer can also help capture carbon dioxide, and so help the state meet its CO2 reduction goals. Other practices likely to generate dual environmental benefits include conservation tillage, cover crops and wetland restoration. Improving the soil of your farm
Whether working on a plant, a garden, or an entire agricultural field, the soil should be kept healthy to ensure the growth of the plant. These days, there have been a lot of efforts to encourage organic farming as opposed to the commercial farming process. In commercial farming techniques, farmers utilize fertilizers and plant or soil enhancers that contain chemical ingredients. Although these would surely work and guarantee the growth of crops, the long term effects that it brings cannot guarantee bountiful harvests in the future. Saving seeds the desi way: Eco-friendly and at no cost
Farmers depend more on seeds than on fertilizers, pesticides or any other inputs. This is because it is vital to obtain 90 per cent sprouting and when the quality of seed is good, there are no concerns of good germination. Farmers pick out the best seeds out of standing crops and save them systematically. In the past they used traditional methods to conserve them but in the current scenario, they use the various chemical powders available in the market to preserve seeds. Additionally, the government distributes seeds every year and the need to protect and conserve seeds is not seen. TRADITION
After the Green Revolution and the large scale use of hybrid seeds, most traditional varieties of seeds and crops have disappeared. While it is true that hybrid seeds give more yields in the beginning, the use of chemical fertilizers results in reduced crops after a few years and leaves the farmers in crisis situations. To salvage this situation, it is important to use eco-friendly agricultural methods through revival of our indigenous knowledge. The only way to do...
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