Comparative Study of organic Farming Policy of M.P, Sikkim,
Karnataka and Kerala states of India
In the comparative study of Organic Farming Policies of M.P, Kerala, Karnataka and Sikkim state we will try to find out whether the policy is meant for the farmers interest or just to fulfil the interest of the MNCs or Farm Input Supplier Companies. In this whole document we will try to find out how the policy is addressing the following issues Is the main thrust on livelihoods and improving net returns of farmers, or is it about export and niche markets?
Does the policy emphasise on 'internalisation' of farm inputs or is it created for providing opportunities to the organic industry, where farmers will buy things from various input factories/entities/outfits?
Have farmers' institutions and empowerment been emphasised upon, for sustainability of the effort?
Is there convergence between various departments envisaged? Have forward linkages as well as backward linkages been thought of, and planned for?
Is the policy ambitious in its approach or not? How is the implementation against the objectives? Are the goalposts being moved or being adhered to? Does it address equity concerns - fragile eco-zones, women farmers, smallholders, tribal and Dalit farmers, rain fed farmers etc. - any special and appropriate emphasis or not?
Are subsidies being recast clearly to promote organic or do main subsidies continue in a chemical farming paradigm, vitiating any plans for organic right at the beginning? Is a farming systems approach being taken - livestock integration, agro-forestry etc. Organic Farming Policy of Madhya Pradesh (M.P)
The Organic farming policy of M.P government states the commitment of the state for making the existing agriculture into a sustainable and profitable venture for landless labours, marginal and small farmers by providing institutional support as well as technological support to the farmers. The policy ensures a major thrust on converting Madhya Pradesh as one of the leading states in the systematic and scientific, yet sustainable organic state, wherein the farming communities derive their livelihoods, produce safe contamination free food, conserve natural resources, manage soil health, redeem safe ground and surface water and generate new employment avenues within villages. But there is also a major thrust in the export of the organic produce citing the statistic of export data in which India was having a Page | 2
ESM TERM PAPER
share of 0.2% in the world market of organic produce and the government is planning to increase it by 2.5% by the end of 2012. And the state wants to leverage on its resources to be a leader in this category in the country.
The policy gives priority for implementing the organic farming policy to those areas where the chemical & inorganic inputs are less than 50% of the state‟s average usage of inorganic inputs. This is mostly the tribal blocks and villages who hardly use inorganic inputs and practice organic farming by default. This will help in increasing the return to tribal farmers. The policy also states the commitment of the government for ensuring the uninterrupted supply of organic inputs to the farmers following the organic method of cultivation. The commitment of the government to make the state a GM crop free state also shows its deep interest towards the organic farming and also the state is forming out legal ways to stop the infiltration of GM crops in the targeted organic farming areas.
The institutional arrangement for the successful achievement of the vision & mission of organic farming in the state has been formulated with government in the centre for coordinating with all other departments. The Department of Farmers‟ Welfare and Agriculture Development, MP State Krishak Aayog, Department of Horticulture and Food Processing, Department of Animal Husbandry, Department of...