The banking industry is one of the fastest growing industry in India. It is a mirror image of the economy of the country. With the liberalization of the economy, India has become the playground of major global banking majors.
The major objectives of the study are as below: To analyse how political, economical, socio-cultural, technological factors affect this industry by PEST analysis. To find out level of competition in Indian banking industry through using porter‟s five force model. To find out driving forces and key success factors of the industry To analyze various threats and opportunities for the industry
To focus on current trends and future of the industry.
We have done exploratory research and for that purpose we had used secondary data.
We had collected this secondary data from various published materials like newspapers, magazines, books etc and from Internet web sites. From these various information and data we had done qualitative and quantitative analysis to find out impact of various forces, effect of macro environmental factors, major trends and future of the industry.
1.1: History of Indian banking
A bank is a financial institution that provides banking and other financial services. By the term bank is generally understood an institution that holds a Banking Licenses. Banking licenses are granted by financial supervision authorities and provide rights to conduct the most fundamental banking services such as accepting deposits and making loans. There are also financial institutions that provide certain banking services without meeting the legal definition of a bank, a so-called Non-bank. Banks are a subset of the financial services industry. The word bank is derived from the Italian banca, which is derived from German and means bench. The terms bankrupt and "broke" are similarly derived from banca rotta, which refers to an out of business bank, having its bench physically broken. Moneylenders in Northern Italy originally did business in open areas, or big open rooms, with each lender working from his own bench or table. Typically, a bank generates profits from transaction fees on financial services or the interest spread on resources it holds in trust for clients while paying them interest on the asset. Development of banking industry in India followed below stated steps.
Banking in India has its origin as early as the Vedic period. It is believed that the transistion from money lending to banking must have occurred even before Manu, the great Hindu Jurist, who has devoted a section of his work to deposits and advances and laid down rules relating to rates of interest. Banking in India has an early origin where the indigenous bankers played a very important role in lending money and financing foreign trade and commerce. During the days of the East India Company, was the turn of the agency houses to carry on the banking business. The General Bank of India was first Joint Stock Bank to be established in the year 1786. The others which followed were the Bank Hindustan and the Bengal Bank. http://techshristi.com 3
In the first half of the 19th century the East India Company established three banks; the Bank of Bengal in 1809, the Bank of Bombay in 1840 and the Bank of Madras in 1843. These three banks also known as Presidency banks were amalgamated in 1920 and a new bank, the Imperial Bank of India was established in 1921. With the passing of the State Bank of India Act in 1955 the undertaking of the Imperial Bank of India was taken by the newly constituted State Bank of India.
The Reserve Bank of India which is the Central Bank was created in 1935 by passing Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 which was followed up with the Banking Regulations in 1949. These acts bestowed Reserve Bank of India (RBI) with wide ranging powers for licensing,...