Ob Testplan Attitudes

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Chapter 3 Values, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction

MULTIPLE CHOICE

Values

1.____ represent basic convictions that “a specific mode of conduct or end state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite mode of conduct.” a. Values
b. Attitudes
c. Convictions
d. Preferences
(a; Moderate; p. 63)

2.The content attribute states a value is:
a.complete.
b.important.
c.a basic conviction.
d.related to behavior.
(b; Moderate; p. 63)

3.When we rank an individual’s values in terms of his/her _____, we obtain the person’s value system. a.intensity
b.content
c.context
d.social acceptance
(a; Moderate; p. 63)

4. Values are best described as:
a.flexible.
b.synonymous with attitudes.
c.consistent among occupational groups.
d.fairly stable over time.
(d; Moderate; p. 64)

5.Rokeach studied instrumental values and:
a.terminal values.
b.attitudes.
c.ethical decision making.
d.speed of decision making.
(a; Moderate; p. 64)

6.Rokeach found that the instrumental value of ambitious (hardworking and aspiring) people was related to the terminal value of: a.a comfortable life.
b.freedom.
c.happiness.
d.self-respect.
(a; Challenging; Exh. 3-1; p. 65)

7. According to Rokeach, _____ values refer to desirable end-states of existence. a.instrumental
b.aesthetic
c.theoretical
d.terminal
(d; Moderate; p. 64)

8. Which of the following was ranked as the highest terminal value by executives? a.family security
b.self-respect
c.equality
d.freedom
(b; Challenging; Exh. 3-2; p. 65)

9. Frederick and Weber compiled a list of values that are held by different organizational groups. Which of the following groups ranked “honest” as the highest instrumental value? a.union members and activists

b.executives and union members
c.executives and activists
d.existentials
(c; Challenging; Exh. 3-2; p. 65)

10. Which category of dominant work values is likely to characterize a 60-year-old employee? a.pragmatism
b.egalitarianism
c.existentialism
d.Protestant work ethic
(c; Challenging; Exh. 3-3; p. 65)

11. At which age is an employee most likely to be characterized by values that place high loyalty on career? a.30
b.40
c.50
d.60
(b; Challenging; p. 66)

12. Those individuals whose lives have been shaped by globalization, MTV, AIDS, and computers; who value flexibility, life options and the achievement of job satisfaction, are referred to as the: a.Veterans.

b.Boomers.
c.Nexters.
d.Xers.
(d; Easy; p. 66)

13.Throughout the mid-1970s, the managerial ranks were dominated by Veterans, whose loyalties were to their employer. When faced with ethical dilemmas, their decisions were made in terms of: a.what was best for their organization.

b.what was best for their family.
c.what was best for society.
d.what was best for them on an individual basis.
(a; Moderate; p. 68)

14._____ tended to be loyal to their employer.
a.Veterans.
b.Boomers.
c.Nexters.
d.Xers.
(a; Moderate; Exh. 3-3; p. 66)

15._____ entered the work force from the mid-1960s through the mid-1980s. a.Veterans.
b.Boomers.
c.Nexters.
d.Xers.
(c; Moderate; Exh. 3-3; p. 66)

16.The most recent entrants to the workforce are:
a.Veterans.
b.Boomers.
c.Nexters.
d.Xers.
(c; Moderate; p. 67)

17.The loyalty of _____ is to their careers.
a.Veterans.
b.Boomers.
c.Nexters.
d.Xers.
(b; Moderate; p. 68)

18. A comprehensive analysis of cultural...
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