Nursing Has Evolved from Being an Occupation to Being a Profession and an Academic Discipline.

Topics: Nursing, Profession, Education Pages: 5 (1542 words) Published: October 9, 2011
During the past decade nurse theorists and educationalists have been attempting to establish nursing as an academic discipline Nurse education is rapidly moving away from a single scientific or technical colleges of nursing into institutes of higher education. In this paper I had the privilege to discuss how Nursing has evolved from being an occupation to being a profession and an academic discipline. According to the Collins English Dictionary,

An occupation isa person's regular work or profession; job or principal activity, any activity on which time is spent by a person, the act of occupying or the state of being occupied, the control of a country by a foreign military and the period of time that a nation, place, or position is occupied. Occupation is an activity or task with which one occupies oneself; usually specifically the productive activity, service, trade, or craft for which one is regularly paid.

One way to promote development is to clarify the professional role. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a profession as a paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification and in its definition of a professional; the dictionary uses the words competent, skillful, or assured. Professional competence and skills are learnt through specialized training, maintained through continuing professional development and embedded in the notion of behaving ethically, in the interest of the client or patient, the public or society. Professions play a role in every part of human society, and we all rely on professionals at multiple points in our daily lives from dentists to teachers, from pension managers to careers advisors, from town planners to paramedics. We rely on professionals to be experts, to know what to do when we need them to, and to act in our best interests. Back in the nineteenth century, the professions were seen to be law, religion, and medicine. Nowadays, the number of professions is ever-increasing, as occupations become more specialized in nature and more professionalized in terms of requiring certain standards of initial and ongoing education so that anything from automotive technicians to web designers can be defined as professionals. The words occupation and profession are interchangeable. Profession and occupation are almost the same, with only minor differences between them.The difference between occupation and profession can be stated with a simple example: Designing a building would be called a profession, whereas, constructing a building is an occupation.A profession needs extensive training and specialized knowledge. On the other hand, an occupation does not need any extensive training. A person with an occupation need not have specialized knowledge of his trade. A profession can be called an occupation when a person is paid for his particular skills, and his deep knowledge. Doctors, engineers, advocates, journalists, scientists, and many others, fall under the professional category. On the other hand, persons engaged in an occupation are not paid for their knowledge, but only for what they produce. Drivers, clerks and technicians fall under the category of occupation. Unlike a person engaged in an occupation, a professional has to undergo higher education. It is noticeable that a profession tends to be autonomous. When considering responsibilities, a profession demands that the responsibility lies with the individual. Moreover, only a professional will be able to assess fellow professionals. In regards to an occupation, no one has autonomous power; he or she is supervised by another person. Moreover, any person can make assessments, as this type of work does not require high degrees of knowledge and skill. Well, professionals enjoy a higher social status than a person engaged in an occupation. Another difference that can be seen between profession and occupation is that the former is guided through certain ethical codes, and is regulated by a certain...
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