Nra Gun Control

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The term "Alienation" in, what I dare to label "normal" context, refers to a feeling of separateness, of being alone and apart from others. For Karl Marx, alienation was not a feeling nor a mental condition, but an economic and social condition of class society. Not only in any society though, he (strongly identifying with a communist society) aims this social theory as that which affects a capitalist society. Alienation, in simple Marxist terms, refers to the separation of the large population of wage workers and the fruits of their labor; their production. Marx first expressed the idea, "The object that labor produces, its product, stands opposed to it as something alien, as a power independent of the producer."(Marx. 1) Most of us don't own the tools and machinery we work with nor the products that we produce because they belong to the capitalist that hired us. But everything we work on and in at some point comes from human labor. The irony is that everywhere we turn, we are confronted with the work of our own hands and brains, and yet these products of our labor appear as things outside of us, and outside of our control. Work and the products of work dominate us, rather than the other way around. Rather than being a place to fulfill our potential, the workplace is merely a place we are compelled to go in order to obtain money to buy the things we need. "Hence," Marx wrote, "the worker feels himself only when he is not working; when he is working, he does not feel himself. He is at home when he is not working, and not at home when he is working. His labor is, therefore, not voluntary but forced, it is forced labor''( Marx pg.37) It is, therefore, not the satisfaction of a need but a mere means to satisfy needs outside itself. In capitalist production, goods are produced for the market in order to get a profit. What matters for the worker is that he orshe gets an adequate amount for his or her labor. What is being produced is, in this sense, immaterial. It is also completely immaterial to the capitalists. So long as whatever they are making can find a market and be sold at a profit, they don't care whether they are selling apples or oranges. In this process, the capitalist sees the worker as merely a component of the production. Like a fruit-a commodity to be squeezed as much as possible. More importantly, the aim of production is profit rather than human need. Past production, machinery and materials are all controlled by the capitalists which completely dominate living labor. Workers are literally slaves to the machine and the work process. It controls them, rather than the other way around. Perhaps one of the most degrading forms alienation Marx speaks of is the way in which everything can become a commodity to be bought and sold, including sex. There is another aspect to alienation which Marx called the "fetishism of commodities." What he meant by this strange phrase is the way in which the social relation between human beings, in capitalist market production, takes "the fantastic form of a relation between things." The anarchic, unplanned nature of production for the market means that its participants are unable to exercise any control over it. What results is that the onset of economic boom and the lurch into slump are events that happen independently of the participants. "To them," says Marx, "their own social action takes the form of the actions of objects, which rule the producers instead of being ruled by them."(Marx.Pg34) The only way to overcome alienation is for workers to collectively abolish their separation from ownership and control of the means of production, and to use that control to abolish the market and replace it with conscious planning for human need. One of the key concepts in Marxist thought is ideology. Marx says that ideology is a "camera obscura" which turns the image on reality on its head. In other words, Marx affirms to the belief that ideology reflects an inverted image of social reality,...
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