Over the past several decades, as the first generation of computer operating system capability has been introduced into the world, data processing and manipulation products and services have gradually assumed increasing importance. Now, technological development and the widespread acceptance of standard are transforming the way in which information is used to support the daily task function. In addition to the traditional data processing requirement for manipulating the data (meaning text and numerical data), there is the need to deal with the amount of the data and how they organize all the information. These four types of information (voice, data, image, and video) are essential to the survival of any business in today’s competitive international environment. Later operating system came with libraries of software, which would be linked to a user's program to assist in operations such as input and output and generating computer code from human-readable symbolic code. This was the genesis of the modern-day operating system. However, machines still ran a single job at a time. Computer operating system and software have become essential to the functioning of today’s businesses, large and small. Furthermore, they have become a major and growing cost to organizations. Management and staff needs a thorough understanding of using various of operating systems in order to assess needs; plan for the introduction of products, services, and systems; and manage the systems and technical personnel that operate them.
An operating system (OS) is software (program and data) which runs on computers and manages the computer hardware and provides common services for efficient execution of various application software. We can see any kind of operating system from any single devices that contain programming languages such as from cellular phones, video games consoles, personal computer until supercomputer and web server. The most common operating systems that usually people use are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. In this research, I am going to stress to the comparison between the non-commercial operating system (Linux) and the commercial one (Microsoft Windows) which make people can see the differences among them. Linux and Microsoft Windows have shown us a good competition at the last one year regarding the datacenter (server). Around 43 percent of the respondents in a Gartner survey at a Linux conference which is affirmed to migrate from Unix (another non-commercial operating system) to the Linux operating system, 13 percent said they would migrate mostly from Windows to Linux, only 4 percent said they would switch off Linux and migrate to Windows, and 21 percent had no plans to migrate (Krill, 2009). Open Source Software (OSS) is a computer software that is available in source code form for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holder are provided under a software license that permits the user to study, to change, and to improve the software. I strongly agree that the non-commercial operating systems should be known by people in all level because they give us a lot of benefit such as they have better reliability and good security protection, they offer a lot of free software to be used, and also they use minimum hardware specification to run in our laptop or personal computer.
Supporting detail 1
Firstly, the non-commercial operating system should be known in all levels because they have high reliability and good security protection. Non-commercial operating system is also known as OSS which stands for Open Source Software. It means some of the software is distributed freely to the user. The term high reliability and good security protection has been a trademark for them in the class of operating system. Recently these kinds of operating system have been known to the public and there are many data that is showing us about the increment of the user in every...
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