Assignment 2: Newborn babies
1. Upon seeing her newborn baby for the first time, Caroline exclaimed, "Why is she so out of proportion?" What observations prompted Caroline to ask this question?" Explain why her baby's appearance is adaptive. “A reflex is an inborn, automatic response to a particular form of stimulation.’(P.g 143) As we know, some reflexes have adaptive value. Reflexes help identify normal brain and nerve activity. Caroline perhaps sees her baby lie in a fencing position. One arm is extending legs, throwing arms outward, and then bringing arms in toward the body. Then Caroline has one question in mind. “Why is she so out of proportion.” Tonic neck reflex can explain this question. It can prepare infant for voluntary reaching. Here are some other examples, rooting helps the infant find the mother’s nipple. Eye blinking protects the infant from strong stimulation. The swimming reflex helps a baby survive who is accidentally dropped into water. Several reflexes help parents and infants establish gratifying interaction.(P.g 144)
2. How do the diverse capacites of newborn babies contribute to their first social relationships? Describe each of these capacities - reflexes, states of arousal, and sensory capacities and how each contributes to the first social relationships. “A reflex is an inborn, automatic response to a particular form of stimulation.’(P.g 143) Several reflexes help parents and infants establish gratifying interaction. “Throughout the day and night, newborn infants move in and out of five infant states of arousal .They are regular sleep, irregular sleep, drowsiness, quiet alertness and waking activity and crying.” (P.g 145) Crying is the first way that babies communicate, letting parents know that they need food, comfort, and stimulation. Sensory capacities are the newborn baby’s responsiveness to touch, taste, smell, sound and visual stimulation. Newborns can distinguish several basic tastes. A newborn infants...
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