Magallanes St., Cebu City
(Blueprint for Children Ages 4.1-5 years)
Adolfo, Mary Grace G.
Villagonzalo, Garlyn Joy D.
II. PURPOSE OF THE EXAMINATION
III. DESCRIPTION OF THE TARGET AUDIENCE
IV. EXAM FORMAT AND ITEM TYPES
V. TEST INSTRUCTIONS
VI. ADMINISTRATION AND SCORING
All children go through different stages of development. An infant or very young child will play alone happily. If another child wanders onto the scene, he/she may be physically attacked or pushed out of the way. They are very important to keep the world going on. Next, the child can play with another child, gradually learning to share and take turns. Eventually, the group grows larger, to three or four children. Significantly, every child grows and adjusts to the world at his or her own pace ---he's excited and challenged by the new world he's discovering. Along with physical changes, the toddler’s ways of thinking and interacting are also changing. During this stage, he talks a great deal and curiosity leads him to ask many questions. He becomes more independent, more self-reliant, and a more socially adept child who is aware of himself as part of an expanding social circle of relatives, friends and peers. These abilities, however; are still in the process of developing, and appear steadier than he really is; his behavior can give way to unpredictable emotional reactions. As he tries different roles and different ways to fit into the world and learns that the rules of behavior differ in different situations, he may test the limits and react negatively at times.
II. PURPOSE OF THE EXAMINATION
The Test of Gross and Fine Motor Skills is a standardized test that measures the motor abilities a certain child develops early in life.
The test is used to:
* identify children who are significantly behind their peers in gross and fine motor skill development; * plan an instructional program in gross and fine motor skill development; * assess individual progress in gross and fine motor skill development; * evaluate the success of the gross and fine motor program; and * serve as a measurement instrument in research involving gross and fine motor development.
Also, this test is designed to assess the gross motor functioning and the fine motor functioning of children aged 4.1-5years old.
Motor skills are movements and actions of the muscles. They are categorized in two
groups: gross motor skills and fine motor skills. Gross motor skills involve movement of the arms, legs, feet, or entire body. This includes actions such as running, crawling, walking, swimming, and other activities that involve larger muscles. Fine motor skills are the small movements that occur in the hands, wrists, fingers, feet, toes, lips and tongue. They are the smaller actions that occur such as picking up objects between the thumb and finger, using a pencil to write carefully, holding a fork and using it to eat, and other small muscle tasks that occur on a daily basis.
A person's gross motor skills depend on both muscle tone and strength. Gross motor skills are the abilities usually acquired during infancy and early childhood as part of a child's motor development. By the time they reach two years of age, almost all children are able to stand up, walk and run, walk up stairs, etc. These skills are built upon, improved and better controlled throughout early childhood, and continue in refinement throughout most of the individual's years of development into adulthood. These gross movements come from large muscle groups and whole body movement. These skills develop in a head-to-toe order. The children will typically learn head control, trunk stability, and then standing up and walking.
Weaknesses in fine motor skills can affect a child's ability...