Fine Motor Skills

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SKILL TRAINING IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS

4

National Institute
for the

Mentally Handicapped

Towards Independence Series - 2
SKILL TRAINING IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS
A PACKAGE FOR TRAINERS

FINE MOTOR SKILLS

(Funded by UNICEF)

National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped
(Ministry of Welfare, Govt. of India)

Manovikas Nagar, Bowenpally,

Secunderabad 500 011

Copyright National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, 1990 All rights reserved.
Reprint 2001

Contributors:
Jayanthi Narayan

A.T. Thressi Kutty

M.S. (Sp. Ed.) Ph. 0., D.S.Ed.

MA., BEd. D.S.Ed.

Project Coordinator

Research Officer

Other titles in the series:
* Gross Motor Skills

* Eating Skills
* Toilet Training
* Tooth Brushing

* Bathing
* Dressing
* Grooming

* Social Skills

Artist : K. Nageswar Rao

Printed at : Sree Ramana Process, Scunderabad. Hello : 7811750

ABOUT THE BOOKLET
This book is one among the series of books developed

for the benefit of the parents and trainers of the mentally
retarded and developmentally delayed children. The

activities in which these children are to be trained for
independent living are very many. Among them, feeding,
toiletting, brushing, grooming, bathing, dressing, gross

and fine motor activities and socialization are some
of the basic and important skills. This series of books
provide in a step by step manner, procedures for finding

out the delay or deficit in the child and the steps
in training them. Simple language is used with appropriate
illustrations so that parents and other trainers can easily

follow the steps. It should be remembered that the
activities listed are some of the basic ones. Common
sense and imagination of the trainers will be of great

assistance in enhancing the skill in the child. We
hope that the trainers find these booklets useful to
them.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The project team expresses sincere thanks to UN ICEF for funding thisproject. The advice and guidance provided by the following project advisory committee members periodically during the course of the project is gratefully acknowledged.

Project Advisory Committee

Institutemembers

Dr. V. Kumaraiah
Associate Professor (Cl. Psy)
NIMHANS, Bangalore

Dr. D.K. Menon
Director

Ms. V. Vimala,
Vice Principal
Balavihar Training School
Madras

Dr. T. Madhavan
Asst. Prof. of Psychiatry

Prof. K.C. Panda,
Principal
Regional College of Education
Bhubaneswar

Mr. TA. Subba Rao
Lect. in Speech Pathology
& Audiology

Dr. N.K. Jangira
Professor (Special Education)
NCERT, New Delhi

Mrs. Reeta Peshawaria
Lect. in Cl. Psychology

Ms. Girija Devi
Asst. Communication Devt. Officer
UNICEF, Hyderabad

The guidance and suggestions of Dr. D.K. Menon, Director, NIMH are especially acknowledged with special reference. The efficient secretarial assistance in typing out the drafts throughout the project by Sri A. Venkateswara Rao'requires a special

mention and grateful acknowledgement.

The administrative support by

Sri T. Pitchaiah, Sri V. Ram Mohan Rao and Mr. K.S.R.C. Murthy are sincerely appreciated. Last, but not the least, we are grateful to the parents of the mentally retarded children who cooperated with us for the field trial of the skill training packages and for having given suggestions fr modification which are suitably incorporated.

CONTENTS
PAGE NO

Introduction

1

Fine Motor activities

2

Reasons for delayed fine motor
development

7

Suggestions in case of delay

9

Fine Motor developmental checklist

10

List of activities

11

Howtotrain?

12

INTRODUCTION
Coordination of fingers, hands and arms plays a vital role in

activities towards independence. Development of small
muscles facilitates proper coordination to perform daily
activities of life.
Activities such as eating and dressing, manipulation of toys and other playthings and the...
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