Equity and Access to
exercise, sport and
physical activity in
By Ella Hargreaves
1.0 Figueroa’s Framework
An Individual’s access to exercise, sport and physical activity in Australian society can be influenced in the ways demonstrated by theories like Figueroa’s Framework. Equity and Equality are two major components that can also affect an individual and their amount of participation in physical activity. Figueroa’s Framework is constructed along five different levels specific to factors that influence levels of participation in physical activity according to Figueroa’s theories. These include; cultural, structural, institutional, interpersonal and individual levels. Each level can be applied in some form to any individual’s life, no matter what lifestyle or attitude to physical activities. The factors within each of the five components of Figueroa’s framework include how different sports can be affected by the media, religion, values, beliefs, team mates, parents, friends, family, coaches and more. These factors not only affect how involved an individual is in their physical activity, but also what sports they play and the level they play at. Figueroa’s Framework is not only a module of most people’s sporting lifestyles, but it shows what levels each person can be affected at; cultural, structural, institutional, interpersonal and individual levels.
1.1 The Interpersonal level
Many factors influence the selection of physical activities from an interpersonal level for any subject involved with physical activity. In my own personal life, the interpersonal level is a foremost aspect when doing physical activity, exercise or sport. Access and opportunities created at the interpersonal level include; relationships and interactions with parents, siblings, coaches/teachers and friends/peers. Also included is interactions and observation of the media and spectators. The relationships between a range of the access and opportunities
10 P.E Extension
created affect the equity of physical activity. I have had negative and positive experiences when growing up, though being picked last on a team, non-verbal actions during a game, peer pressure and embarrassment are more predominant reasons why I do not enjoy physical activity. On the other hand, goal achievement, playing with parent and siblings, attending major sporting events and fun and enjoyment make any physical activity worthwhile.
1.2 Influences on physical activity at an Interpersonal level The main influences I have in sport that affect me at an interpersonal level include the media, parents, school and friends. All of these have encouraged me to continue with my chosen sport and participate at a higher level. The media influences many children in what type of sport they play and what level they play at through the use of commercials, coverage of sport and other forms. The media has largely influenced my sporting decisions; watching sport on television at a high level has motivated me and many others to form goals to enhance my performance in sport. Observing magazines, books, photos, articles and real life stories from others that I look up to can also largely influence my sporting decisions. Parents and family determined my main sport; they also largely influence all of my decisions to do with any sport and physical activity.
Attending a school that is highly involved with sport has also changed my focus on what sports I should play and what physical activity I am involved in. Friends have also impacted my sporting decisions; it is hard to participate in another sport that my own friends are not involved in, especially if it is a team sport. The thought of joining a new team without any friends and no knowledge of the sport is often too much for most teenagers. Though these factors influence me at an interpersonal level, they can also be applied to other levels and applied to Maslow’s Hierarchy of...
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