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Morphosyntax

By | June 2013
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According to BAUER (1997), give a brief explanation of the grammatical features which would account for derivational morphology. Use examples: 1. Forms which share a base type: there are series of related morphological forms which share the same base or a base type. Ex: national, nationalize, nationalistic, nationality. 2. Semantic links among forms: members of a paradigm are related by anything other than the meaning of the base. Ex: forms ending in –ist and –ism . There is a set in which there is a pairing between the –ism meaning “ideology-sets of beliefs” and the –ist meaning “adherent of an ideology or a sets of beliefs”. Ilustrated in a pair such as Marxist and Marxism. 3. Generabisable pattern: if we consider a partial paradigm such as manufacture, manufacturer, manufacturable, manufacturability, it is clear that this pattern appears in other transitive verbs suchs as break, contain. 4. Basic forms: derivational paradigms can be viewed as being organised round a basic form. In most cases, the basic form is the root form, which also exists as separate lexeme. Ex: drive/driver ; base form and lexeme. 5. Paradigm structure: given that an adjective ends in –ive, the productively formed corresponding to the abstract noun will end in –Ness (obsessiveness rather than obesivity) . While if the adjective ends in –ible, the noun will end in –ity (legibility rather than legibleness) 6. Language change: the most obvious cases are those where the analogy operates outside a paradigm rather than within one: the flourishing of Word-building elements such as –teria (washeteria), -oholic (chocoholic), -athon (walkathon) and the like are, initially at any rate, based on single words, not on paradigms.

According to McMILLAN (1980), give a brief description of the grammatical nature of elements which can be inserted in a lexical unit. Give examples: The insertion is most frequently made immediately after the syllabe with primary lexical stress. Ex:...
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