Raja Man Singh
Raja Man Singh of Amber
The Mughal aristocracy played a vital role in the establishment of the Mughal Empire on a firm footing. It not only contributed to the strengthening of the empire but it also helped in setting up a sound Mughal administration. Raja Man Singh of Amber was an important member of Mughal aristocracy. The history of Akbar’s reign will rather be incomplete without a detailed knowledge of the contributions of Raja Man Singh not only to expansion of the Mughal Empire but also to the enrichment of the art and architecture of the period. Parentage of Raja Man Singh
There was a wide difference of opinion amongst historians about the parentage of Raja Man Singh. Some of the contemporary Muslim historians were of the opinion that Man Singh was the son of Raja Bhagwan Das while others believed that Raja Bhagwant Das was the father of
Raja Man Singh. The European historians like V.A. Smith and H. Blochman affirm that Man Singh was the adopted son of Raja Bhagwan Das. It has now been conclusively proved on the basis of all the relevant sources – Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi, numismatic and epigraphic – that Man Singh was the eldest son of Raja Bhagwant Das and grandson of Raja Bharamal of Amber. Early life of Raja Man Singh
Raja Man Singh was born on Sunday, Paus Budi 13 V.S. 1607 i.e. 21st December, 1550 A.D. His mother’s name was Rani Bhagwati Pawar, the chief wife of Raja Bhagwant Das. On the birth of Kunwar Man, the astrologers sounded an ominous note that the newly born baby was likely to fall in trouble on account of the influence of some evil stars. They further advised the Raja that in order to ward off the danger, special arrangements for the Kunwar’s stay should be made at a place away from Amber for a period of twelve years. Thereupon Raja Bharamal got a palace built for Man Singh at Muzzamabad which lay forty miles south of Amber. Kunwar Man lived in the new palace at Muazzamabad for a period of twelve years under the guardianship of his mother. In 1562 Kunwar Man returned to Amber and his arrival coincided with the marriage of the daughter of Raja Bharamal with Akbar.
Kunwar Man Singh in Mughal Imperial Service
Kunwar Man Singh entered the Mughal Imperial Service in 1562 at an early age of twelve. He received military training under the guidance of Emperor Akbar and became well – versed in Mughal technique of warfare. Kunwar Man Singh along with his father Bhagwant Das took prominent part in the siege and conquest of Ranthambore by Akbar early in 1569 A.D. Both Man Singh and Raja Bhagwant Das rendered commendable help to Akbar in the battle of Samal (December, 1572) which was fought against Mirza Muhammad Hakim of Kabul and also in the conquest of Surat (26th February 1573 A.D.). Kunwar Man Singh along with other Mughal generals like Shah Quit Khan, Mahram Murat Khan conquered and looted the territories of Dungarpur (74 miles from Ahmedabad) in April, 1573. When Akbar started for the Eastern Provinces in order to suppress the rebellion of Daud Khan in the closing months of 1574 the took with him a galaxy of trusted generals of whom Abul Fazi has named nineteen and amongst them the names of Raja Bhagwant Das and Kunwar Man Singh occupy the first and the second place. Thus, the father and the son played an important part in suppressing the turbulent Afghans as a result of which Daud Khan had to flee towards Bengal.
Kunwar Man Singh versus Maharana Pratap
Up till now Kunwar Man Singh played a subordinate role in the cross of imperial politics and therefore, he did not attract the special attention of contemporary Muslim historians. It was in the battle of Haldighati that Kunwar Man Singh was entrusted with an important assignment which at once brought him into prominence. It was in the battle that Man Singh got an opportunity to show his wonderful organizing capacity and military genius. Thus, the battle of Haldighati may be considered as a turning point in the career of...
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