Topics: Human migration, Population, Demography Pages: 9 (2126 words) Published: March 14, 2013



Migration has become a universal phenomenon in modern times. Due to the expansion of transport and communication, it has become a part of worldwide process of urbanization and industrialization. In most countries, it has been observed that industrialization and economic development has been accompanied by large-scale movements of people from villages to towns, from towns to other towns and from one country to another country.

From the demographic point of view, migration is one of the three basic components of population growth of any area, the other being fertility and mortality. But whereas both fertility and mortality operate within the biological framework, migration does not. It influences size, composition and distribution of population. More importantly, migration influences the social, political and economic life of the people.

Indian constitution provides basic freedom to move to any part of the country, right to reside and earn livelihood of their choice. Thus, migrants are not required to register either at the place of origin or at the place of destination. A number of economic, social, cultural and political factors play an important role in the decision to move. The effects of these factors vary over time and place.

During the days when there is a lot of economic and industrial development in various parts of the country and when movement of the population has intensified, emphasis should be given to further understanding and study of the trends and patterns of migration. Several studies (Bose, 1977; Nair and Narain, 1985; Premi, 1990; and Singh, 1998; Zachariah, 1963, 1964) found that volume of interstate migration in India was low but asserted the fact that about one third of India’s population is enumerated outside their place of birth indicating the importance of migration as a major demographic process in India.

Moreover, when regional fertility and mortality differentials decline, migration becomes the foremost component influencing the redistribution of population (Beck, 1985).



Trends and Gaps in the Academic Literature on EU Labour Migration Policies

This paper provides an overview of the ‘state of the art’ in the academic literature on EU labour migration policies. It...
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