GLOBALIZATION, MIGRATION AND BRAIN DRAIN: THE EXPERIENCE OF OLABISI ONABANJO UNIVERSITY, NIGERIA BY SODEINDE OLAKUNLE OLUFEMI DEPARTMENT O SOCIOLOGY, OLABISI ONABANJO UNIVERSITY, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA ABSTRACT Globalization was considered as a modern instrument of easy flow of labour and capital without restriction across the globe. Its impacts on intellectual transferred from Olabisi Onabanjo University academic staff was the major focus of this research; with research scope between 1992 and 2000. The research made use of secondary data from office of Academic Staff union of University (O.O.U. Branch) and registrar office (establishment department), Olabisi Onabanjo University. Simple descriptive statistics was employed to analyse the collected data. Frequency and percentages were used for data analysis. From the research it was found out that there are two levels of brain: the internal and external brain drain. Internal brain drain, that is, movement from state owned university to other Federal Universities and private sector was caused by disparity in wages, salary and other fringe benefit as perceived by migrants. On the other hand, external brain drain as influenced by globalization was affected by the need for exposure to Western idea, availability of modern educational facilities for teaching and research, huge financial reward and conductive socio-economic and political atmosphere for intellectual to operate. Olabisi Onabanjo has been experiencing depletion and degradation of academic growth in alarming grate due to academic staff outflow within or outside the country, basically to seek greener pasture or enhanced condition of service.
INTRODUCTION Globalization brings with it diversify faces of expression, thereby fails to embrace a precise and concise definition. Although it may be multi-variance concept, several analyses portray relevant assumptions that are embodied in global connectivity. The idea of globalization in recent usage refers to the interpenetrating and interdependency taking place among the multi-facet people with divert cultures due to technological innovations render the barriers of space, time, national borders and sovereignty ineffective and promote the intermingling of ideas and peoples in such a way that a sort of uniformity can be identified among the divert groups that occupy the global space (Kolawole, 2001). Giddens (1990:64) defines globalization as ‘the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that Local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa”. Thus, globalization simply reflects a growing interdependency of the world society. The implication of such view of globalization as a process suggests the creation of a world society in which the image of nation-state and national identity may give way to world-wide social interaction. Globalization, then, could refer to a world in which societies, nation-state, economies, polities, and cultures have, to a certain degree, come together to form a global village. Furthermore, Appadurai (1990), in his essay “Disjunctive and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy” extensively detailed five frameworks under which idea of globalization could be discussed: (a) Finance, (b) technology (c) ideas (d) people (e) information. Although, Appadurai in his Eurocentric view heavily subsumed
globalization under economic idea, inclusion of ‘people’ and ‘information’ reveal how globalization could be an instrument of economic exploitation, cultural imperialism,
flight of human resources to an established ‘ideal Euro-American society’, and under utilization of potentiality of un-integrated part of ‘uneven’ global development. From the above definitions and framework, globalization could be viewed from two different perspectives. The first view of globalization was used to refer to ‘timespace compression’. The idea is that, there is a close link with the...
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