Lotions: Petroleum Jelly and Okra Pods

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  • Topic: Petroleum jelly, Emulsion, Lotion
  • Pages : 13 (3422 words )
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  • Published : September 18, 2012
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CHAPTER 1

Introduction

This chapter consists of the Background of the Study, Statement of the Problem, Significance of the Study and Scope and Delimitations of the Study.

Background of the Study
Cosmetics are used for beautification. Cosmetics are substances used to enhance the appearance or odor of human body. Many cosmetic ingredients are selected from nature itself, that is, they are taken from something found in our environment. They are known as organic substances. Organic substances are or have been a part of a life process, hence they contain carbon they may be produced from living matter such as vegetable oils or can be extracted from matter that has lived such as paraffin or petrolatum. Organic substances are frequently used in cosmetics for several purposes.

Million of women apply moisturizers and lotions to their bodies each day. There are hundreds of products to choose from, and it can be confusing as to what really helps. But what is a lotion? A Lotion is a low- to medium –viscosity, topical preparation intended for consumption to unbroken skin; creams and gels. Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. Lotions are usually applied to external skin with bare hands, a clean cloth, cotton wool or gauze; creams and gels usually only with one’s fingers or palms. Many lotions, especially hand creams and face cream are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth and soften the skin - these are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetics in many cases, and frequently contains fragrances. Some people also use to hydrate or moisturize their skin. Body lotions and creams are very beneficial for long-term skin health. They are meant to be applied regularly to various parts of the body after taking a bath or before going to bed. They keep your skin smooth and soft. It has been found that body lotion and creams that contain natural ingredients are more beneficial than others as they provide long-lasting results.

The skin is one of the most important organs of the body. It serves as protection against infections by germs and shield delicate underlying tissue against injury.
Many skin disorders, including eczema, hives and scabies, cause itching. Chronic itching and scratching of exposed areas can be symptoms of some psychological problems, and in jaundiced patients, some liver disorders that cause excess bile in the blood can also give rise to itching. Dry skin is the result of loss of water from the other surface of the epidermis and its insufficient replacement from the tissues below. Some causes of the moisture loss or two frequent uses of soaps and detergents, and constant exposure to dry air.

Body creams and lotions are used chiefly to prevent or reduce roughness and dryness of the skin. Like the analogous facial products, they act largely by replacing lost water and laying down oil film to reduce subsequent moisture loss while natural processes repair the damage.

In this technological age, we usually think of synthetic drugs as more reliable than those made from plants. Herbal medicines tend to look primitive and unscientific in comparison. But now, because of renewed attention to natural healing, and because of a growing dissatisfaction with the side effects of modern medicines, we are rediscovering the benefits plants have to offer. Aloe Vera is widely valued for its ability to soothe burned skin

Our country, Philippines, is noted or having various kinds of medicinal trees, plants, vegetables and fruits. Since some of these plants may be growing in our backyard, they are in expensive and safer for the environment.

Okra, also known as the “lady finger” or “gumbo”, is a highly nutritious green edible pod vegetable. Botanically, this perennial flowering plant belongs...
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