Introduction to Entrepreneurship
Looking for Capital
When Joyce and Phil Abrahams opened their bookstore 1 year ago, they estimated it would take them six months to breakeven. Because they had gone into the venture with enough capital to keep them afloat for nine months, they were sure they would need no outside financing. However, sales have been slower than anticipated, and most of their funds now have been used to purchase inventory or meet monthly expenses. On the other hand, the store is doing better each month, and the Abrams are convinced they will be able to turn a profit within six months.
At present, Joyce and Phil want to secure additional financing. Specifically, they would like to raise $100,000 to expand their product line. The store currently focuses most heavily on how-to-do-it books and is developing a loyal customer following. However, this market is not large enough to carry the business. The Abrams feel that if they expand into an additional market such as cookbooks, they can develop, two market segments – that when combined – would prove profitable. Joyce is convinced that cookbooks are an important niche, and she has saved a number of clippings from national newspapers and magazines reporting that people who buy cookbooks tend to spend more money per month on these purchases than does the average book buyer. Additionally, customer loyalty among the group tends to be very high.
The Abrams own their entire inventory, which has a retail market value of $280,000. The merchandise cost them $140,000. They also have at a local bank a line of credit of $10,000, of which they have used $4,000. Most of their monthly expenses are covered out of the initial capital with which they started the business ($180,000 in all). However, they will be out of money in three months if they do not get additional funding.
The owners have considered investigating a number of sources. The two primary ones are a loan from their bank and a private stock...
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