Level 3 Healthand Social Care

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The Principle of infection prevention and control

1.1 Explain the employees roles and responsibilities’ in relation to the prevention and control of infection The employee’s role and responsibilities include:

To ensure that their own health and hygiene not pose a risk to service users and colleagues

To ensure effective hand washing is carried out when working with service users, giving personal care, handling/preparing food.

To ensure they use protective clothing provided when needed and appropriate.
1.2 Explain employers responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control infection Employers’ roles and responsibilities include:
* making sure employees are aware of the health and safety aspects of their work (e.g. posting information on notice boards, keeping an information file such as COSHH, training, and providing supervision)

* the need to keep records in relation to infection control using appropriate documentation

* to ensure that the relevant standards, policies and guidelines are available within the workplace
2.1 Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relavent to the preventions and control infection The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

Both employers and employees are responsible for their own actions in the Work place. All reasonable steps should be taken when carrying out your work duties and all staff should have adequate health and safety training, and measures should be taken to ensure that policies and procedures are in place and adhered to. For example, it is the employers’ responsibility to provide adequate protective equipment and the employee’s responsibility to use it appropriately.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is defined in the regulations as "all equipment (including clothing affording protection against the weather) which is intended to be worn or held by a person at work which protects them against one or more risks to their health and safety". PPE would include such things as gloves, aprons, eye protection, and safety footwear

2.2 Describe local and organisational policies relavent to the prevention and control of infection Follow good general hygiene regime by washing hands before, during and after tsks. This will reduce the infections which are being passed from person to person. To ensure PPE is worn as required

3.1 Describe procedures and systems relavent to the prevention and control infection 3.2 Explain the potential impact of an outbreak of infection on the individual and the organisation

4.1 Define the term ‘risk’
a situation involving exposure to danger
4.2 Outline the potential risk of infection within the workplace 4.3 Describe the process of carrying out a risk assessment
A risk assessment is simply a careful examination of what, in your work, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. Workers and others have a right to be protected from harm caused by a failure to take reasonable control measures. 1. Identify the hazards[2]

2. Decide who might be harmed and how[3]
3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution[4]
4. Record your findings and implement them[5]
5. Review your assessment and update if necessary

4.4 Explain the importance of carrying out a risk assessment A risk assessment is an important step in protecting your workers and your business, as well as complying with the law. It helps you focus on the risks that really matter in your workplace – the ones with the potential to cause harm. In many instances, straightforward measures can readily control risks, for example, ensuring spillages are cleaned up promptly so people do not slip or cupboard drawers kept closed to ensure people do not trip. For most, that means simple, cheap and effective measures to ensure your most valuable asset – your workforce –...
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