Learning Plan 2 - Short Answer Activity (10 points each)
Write and submit 1 - 2 typed paragraphs for each question. Please remember to:
← Reflect, in your own words, the content of textbook lessons.
← Use complete sentences with proper paragraphing.
← Use standard grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
← Show good logic and organization, amplifying definitions with examples.
1. Briefly explain the importance of paralanguage. Give three distinct examples of how paralanguage might (1) contradict, (2) supplement, or (3) complement your verbal message. Paralanguage is important because the 6 vocal charactistics that it is composed of portray what type of person you are or how you are feeling. When you use a higher pitch you are perceived as nervous or afraid, where as a lower pitch you are perceived as peaceful or dad. Loud people appear pushy, quiet people appear timid. If you talk too fast you may not be understood, but if you talk too slow you will probably bore people. The quality of your voice also affects how people perceive you, as does the intonation. If you talk in a monotone voice, you will bore listeners, but if you have too much intonation you may appear ditzy. When you use too many vocalized pauses you will appear nervous or not sure of what you want to say.
“Well, wasn’t that an interesting book” To have this contradicted by paralanguage, the normal voice would have to be altered, “well” would have to vary in both tone and pitch and the rest would have to be spoken in staccato monotone. It would then be interpreted as sarcasm.
“Are we there yet” If the voice pitch rises with each word we would probably perceive the vocalic as supplementing the message.
“I am so happy that you are home” Spoken in a high expressive pitch, and a bit faster rate would be an example of how the paralanguage complements the verbal message. When you are happy or excited you tend to talk a bit faster and usually in a higher pitch with more emotion.
2. Pay attention to your body language for the next day or so. Describe your natural tendencies. What is your favored listening position? How do you typically sit, stand, and walk? What parts of your face do you use more often to convey your message? What does your body language say about you? What do you want it to say? While paying attention to my body language for a couple days I discovered that I use a lot of adaptors. I have a tendency to play with my pen when I have one. I am always playing with my hands or picking at my fingers. My feet are always tapping or moving. I believe a lot of it is my ADD. My favored listening position is to sit facing the person so I can have direct eye contact with them. When sitting it depends on where I am as to how I typically sit. If I am at a desk or table a lot of the time I have my left hand under my chin, propped up on my elbow. I find I focus and think better this way versus just sitting, probably because my hand isn’t able to fidget, or distract me. If I am sitting on a couch or a chair without anything to lean on my hands are usually in my lap or my arms crossed. A lot of the time I have my right leg crossed, or my feet stretched out in front of me fidgeting. I tend to stand with my hands in my pockets or my arms crossed. I walk with my hands at my sides. I use my eyes and eyebrows more often to convey my messages. I think that my body language may say that I am a person who is closed off and either upset or sad. I feel I may come across this way by the crossed arms or legs. I also don’t smile a lot. I would like my body language to say that I am an open, easily approachable, warm person.
Nonverbal Experiment Reflection Paper
It is fun to experiment with nonverbal communication as a way of demonstrating what an important part it plays in any interpersonal transaction. The following nonverbal communication experiments...
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