Leadership and Motivation

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Best Companies for Leadership Study that conducted by Bloomberg BusinessWeek.com and the Hay Group in 2009, revealed that best companies for leadership focus on employee engagement through commitment and discretionary effort and on employee enablement, with optimized roles and supportive environment, leading to financial success, customer satisfaction and employee performance – all to drive organisational performance. (SHRM Research Quarterly, 2010). This report was made to explain the relationship between leadership and motivation, and why these both are important for managers to be aware, with reference to relevant theories and concepts. Based on examples in PTEI to illustrate situation related with these both themes, it is can be seen that with key leadership element can motivate people to produce best outcome. However, it should be aware that with wrong approach and/or communication techniques, the purpose to motivate employees could be turn in different way and will not achieve the objectives. Another output of this report, based on self-reflection and learning process through this module, the author could learn / understand more about her leadership style and managerial capabilities. The author also gives some recommendations and prepares some action plan for further development for herself and her organisation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY2
TABLE OF CONTENTS3
1.INTRODUCTION4
2.LITERATURE REVIEW5
2.1Motivation Theories5
2.2Leadership Theories8
3.EXAMPLES RELATED WITH LEADERSHIP AND MOTIVATION14
4.REFLECTION OF MANAGERIAL CAPABILITIES15
5.CONCLUSION16
RECOMMENDATIONS16
REFERENCES19
APPENDIX A – Further of Motivation and Leadership Theories20 APPENDIX B – List of Question: Interview with Key Informants22 APPENDIX C – The Five Component of Emotional Intelligence At Work23 APPENDIX D – ECCO’s Five Leadership Principles25

APPENDIX D – Personal Development Record (PDR) for Managing People and Organisation Module27

1.INTRODUCTION
In today’s marketplace, where companies seek a competitive edge, motivation is key for talent retention and performance. No matter the economic environment, the goal is to create a workplace that is engaging and motivating, where employees want to stay, grow and contribute their knowledge, experience and expertise (SHRM, 2010, p.1). There are at least two major influences that affect how individuals perform in their environment, which are the type of leadership that exists, and personal motivation. (Nader, R., http//: www.intrd.gov.nl.ca/intrd/ regionaldev/lm.pdf). John Larrere, national director of Hay Group’s Leadership and Talent Practice and co-leader of the Best Companies for Leadership Study, stated: “For organisations to succeed, they will need to understand what key leadership element are paramount in driving their organisations toward growth. It is more than just getting people to produce the right outcomes. It’s about getting them to be passionate about their work and grooming them to handle the challenges ahead” (SHRM, 2010, p.3) The main objective of this assignment is to explore the relation between Leadership and Motivation. By using the relevant theories and concepts, this report will give an argument and explanation why these two are important for a manager to be aware. This report also will give some examples to illustrate situation where these both have and have not worked together successfully. In addition, the author will explain about the reflection of her own managerial capabilities related these both themes. All information is used to write this assignment has been collected from several books, external research, internet, personal experiences and based on semi-structured interviews with some key informant stakeholders in PT. ECCO Indonesia. The structure of this assignment will be as follows: Section two reviews the literature on leadership and motivation theories and interlink between both...
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