Kathleen Kenyon

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  • Topic: Mortimer Wheeler, Kathleen Kenyon, Archaeology
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Liberty University

Kathleen Kenyon

A research paper submitted to professor franklin castello
In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements For
BIBL – 471

Liberty University Online

By
Esther Lucas-Robinson

october 10, 2010

Esther Lucas-Robinson
BIBL – 471 – Biblical Archaeology
‘Kathleen Kenyon’

Introduction
Some of the more remarkable archaeological discoveries in the 20th century were made by Dame Kathleen Kenyon. Kathleen Kenyon was born into the heart of the English scholarly community and with all the help that influence and connections could provide became one of the foremost excavators in Great Britain. Even though Miss Kenyon was purported to be a Christian, she did not argue for the biblical account perspective when referencing her excavations. She believed that archaeology was needed to prove the historicity of the Bible; but more importantly, that archaeology was needed to aid us in the interpretation of the "older parts of the Old Testament, which from the nature of their sources cannot be read as a straightforward record (Kenyon, 266). Remembered for her substantial contributions to the field of archaeology Miss. Kenyon brought with her refined versions of the excavation method pioneered by Mortimer Wheeler. Along with inventing field methods that strengthened the science, Kathleen shaped the discipline of archaeology with her contribution to institutions, training of future archaeologists and publications. Another important aspect of Kathleen Kenyon's archaeological career was her role as a teacher. From 1948 to 1962 she lectured in Levantine Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. Kenyon's teaching, complemented by her excavations at Jericho and Jerusalem (which successively formed her 'field school'), helped to train a generation of archaeologists, who went on themselves to teach in Britain, Australia, Canada, the United States, Denmark and elsewhere. Thesis Statement

While Miss Kathleen Kenyon is considered one of the foremost influential female archaeologists in the 20th century, her autocratic and possibly overconfident characteristics may have overshadowed her legacy to the field of archaeology. I will conclude that while her conclusions were not always correct, Miss Kenyon did help to popularize and substantially contribute to the science. Early Life

Kathleen Kenyon was eldest daughter of the prominent biblical scholar and British Museum director Sir Frederick Kenyon, who was also connected to the Institute of Archaeology, the Palestinian Exploration Fund, the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, and the British Academy. Born on January 5, 1906, she possessed the same sense of order and fascination with detail as her father. Because of the privileged circumstances of her birth and early childhood, Kathleen was brought up in daily contact with the archaeological establishment of the late Victorian era in England and must have been familiar with the prominent antiquarians of the time. Kathleen was enrolled into the St. Paul’s Girl’s School – the most distinguished girl’s school in London in 1919. It is possible that the education that she received at (SPGS) afforded her the opportunity to think outside the realm of marriage and motherhood. Even though SPGS’s goal was to prepare the students as future wives and mothers, the education was geared toward getting scholarships to Oxford and Cambridge and was basically identical to that of the boys’ curriculum. Kathleen had received numerous books from her father, i.e., atlases, Shakespeare, novels, Bibles, etc. in his attempt to stimulate her intellectual development. As a result Kathleen was a good student and left SPGS with the Mary Wilson History Prize in 1925 and upon graduation a scholarship to Somerville College, Oxford. Kathleen did not major in archaeology at Oxford but concentrated on Modern History, which emphasized English Constitutional history; covering Europe from...
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