Shoen Tell Assignment

Topics: Burial, Pottery, Mortar and pestle Pages: 5 (1610 words) Published: April 26, 2013
Mortuary remains are a major source of data on human social relations. In this exercise, you will analyze data from a fictive mortuary assemblage (described below and separate data sheet), and then discuss some of the ambiguities and pitfalls of this sort of analysis. Shoen-Tell Site:

An unscrupulous archaeologist by the name of Henirich Hochstetter excavated the Shoen-Tell site in Turkey in the late 1920s. Hochstetter was interested more in antiquities than in data, so he provided little substantive information tot eh professional community about his dig or his findings. However, a conscientious assistant of Hochstetter’s, Roxanne Browne, managed to collect detailed information on fifty of the burials Hochstetter plundered. Her data is the only information we have for the site. The only thing we know is that Hochstetter postulated that the Shoen-Tell burials reflect the rise of the first ranked societies in this part of Asia. You may assume that Browne’s data are a representative sample of the mortuary practices at Shoen-Tell. You may also assume that the burials are more or less contemporaneous. Using the provided data, please answer the following questions. Be sure to support your answers with data from the burials and/or information discussed in class or the text. Type your answers for all questions, including the tally chart for Question 1. 1. What are the differences in the types and quantities of grave foods associated with the following groups of people: (a) infants; (b) children; (c) adult males; (d) adult females? Compare each of these categories for (a) presence/absence of grave goods; (b) quantity of grave goods; (c) different kinds of grave goods present. Also, describe the variation within each age/sex category. Tally your results below:

| Presence/Absence of Grave Goods?| Number of Grave Goods| Types of Grave Goods Present| Infants (1 or under)10 Total| 2- With8- Without| #1-5#2-2| Jewelry, Colored Pottery bowls and figurines, Beads| Children (1-15)10 Total| 5- With5- Without| 3- 1 ea2- 5 ea| Single items=Grey Pottery Bird or Chert BladeMulti items=Jewelry, beads, blades, Colored pottery bowls and figurines, bird bones, charred wheat| Adult Males (15 and older)14 Total| 13- Yes1 –No-Point found base of spine| 6-Blades/Tips only7-Additional Items| Chert & Obsidian blades & tips. Grey & Colored Pottery. Copper Jewelry. Charred Grain and Wooden Sickle| Adult Females (15 and older)16 Total| 14- Yes2- No| 8-Single6-Multiple| Grey & Colored Pottery, Copper & Amber jewelry, Amber Figurines, Charred Grain, Sickle and mortar & pestle|

Infants: Both with goods were laid out extended indicating possible High Rank. All the grave goods seemed symbolic. Children: The 2 with extensive grave goods also laid out extended. Perhaps the birds are for the girls and blades for the boys?? Males: All but 1 buried with their own blades and points. Those with colored pottery show possible higher rank than grey pottery. 2 males found with jewelry were also extended, = High Rank? Seems they were maybe buried with implement of trade or occupation. ie Sickle, grain & seeds?? Females: Only 2 females buried without grave goods, possible died during childbirth? Those with Copper and Amber jewelry were laid out extended=high rank? Also noted possible trade implement, ie sickle and mortar & pestle. 2. Are there any differences in the location (cemetery(C) vs. midden(M)) and/or form ( partial flexed (PF), fully flexed (FF), extended (EX) and undetermined (OO) ) of the burials that relate to age, sex or social class? What is/are the patterns? Higher ranking people seemed to be laid out in the cemetery, 7 total. All in the cemetery were laid out extended. One of those laid out in the midden were extended, however, the rest were not. The one in the midden had more grave goods than others there. Perhaps the charred seeds and grain is symbolic or part of a spiritual...
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