Makah and Whaling
During the past 30 years the whales gradually became the center of public attention and sympathy. Tourists watching the whales off the eastern coast of the United States and in the lagoons of California, were struck by their remarkable nature and behavior. At the same time, the number of most large whales continued to decline. Certainly whale hunting was rather indiscriminate since the Middle Ages, reaching a point where these mammals were in imminent danger of extinction. It was therefore necessary to regulate the hunting of whales. The whaling leaves few people indifferent.
Makah people, cannot whale even if they want to, but they have a tradition of whaling. Whaling began as part of a food market, its protein-rich meat was quite required. Then there were the Eskimos, who used tendons, bones and skin to make different items of daily living, and using fat for some type of delivery. Over the years more became required products derived from whales. Already in the nineteenth century whaling was increased, leading to the commercialization of products such as soap, some cosmetics, perfumes and paintings, extending this use to luxuries such as corsets, fans or tennis rackets (Townson, 2002).
The history of whaling has been consistently marked by irregularities and breaches despite an international concern about the protection of whales for over fifty years. From the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling in London in 1949, which approved the creation of the International Whaling Commission (IWC), has held 56 meetings (in addition to five stages) to discuss the future of these animals (McMillan, 1999).
But governments have always sought ways to circumvent international agreements that attempt to create protected areas or species. Thus, a ban on the catch of blue whales in the Antarctic, was presented the proposal to declare a subspecies, the dwarf blue whale, that this was not included in this protection. And every time the CBI established zones or non-quota species, proposals for scientific whaling increased. This was particularly evident after the approval of the international moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986, which set a zero quota for this purpose. Countries like Norway, Japan, Iceland, Russia and South Korea have applied scientific whaling programs that were hundreds of times higher than those requested in sacks before this date. During the first decades, the CBI was merely a managing agency which regulated the amounts of oils, greases and whale meat they could get in the market. This had little to do with protection, but it began to take the first steps to prevent the complete annihilation of overfished species such as whales or whale in Greenland (two early goals whalers models since ancient times). The CBI began to give a major shift in its objectives and the conservation of whales became more important. Its period of validity was five years, but given the low reproductive rate of whales and their low ability to recover so quickly, it was extended to be indefinite (Erikson, 2002).
Whaling Process 1985-1986
When the IWC took a moratorium on all commercial whaling in 1982, regardless of the status of different populations of whale stocks, Japan, USSR, Norway, Iceland and Korea objected to the decision in accordance with Article V (3) (a), arguing that any government contracts to submit an objection to any IWC decision within a period of 90 days from notification of the decision will be legally exempt from the relevant decision. Oddly enough, this franchise clause in the convention was adopted at the ICRW after the United States anxiously proposed it in 1946 when the ICRW was drafted the project. Japan filed an objection because they did not see a scientific basis for the moratorium, which is not recommended by the own scientific committee of the IWC and whale any reservation that has shown any signs of depletion and...
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