Over the next three weeks we will look into a few aspects of Pilate’s life. This week we will be looking at the area under Pilates command, and what Role pilate played in the government in Judea. Then over the next couple of weeks we will look into the life of Pilate, and then the important role he played into the death of Jesus, and how it played into the Passover.
Introduction to Pontius Pilate
Roman – Appointed by Rome and was not Jewish
Valerius- Pilate succeeded him in his reign.
Not much in the bible about him, so one must look at historical sources
Josephus. A Jewish historian
Other historians at the time.
Thesis: The study we are about to embark on will attempt to provide information necessary to understand Pilate and what he was faced with in the sentencing of Christ to death.
Romans had little sympathy for the Jews
most-accursed, people born to be slaves.
3rd class providence.
Had 3 legions of Roman soldiers
Judea was very small
160 km long
70 km wide
center of religious life
Role as Governor
Served 11 years
Was in charge of military
While we cannot make a biography about Pilate, we can study the area where he reigned, and some of the decisions that he made. Next week we get to look into Pilate as a person. Was he a real person? After that is established we will try to understand who he was.
Carson, D. A., and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. 2d ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2005.
Carter, Warren. Pontius Pilate: Portraits of a Roman Governor. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2003.
Feldman, Steven, and Nancy E. Roth. "The short list: the New Testament figures known to history." Biblical Archaeology Review 28, no. 6 (November 1, 2002): 34-37.
Kammer, Miriam. "Romanization, rebellion and the theatre of ancient Palestine." Ecumenica 3, no. 1 (March 1, 2010):
Kraeling, Carl Hermann. "The episode of the Roman standards at Jerusalem." Harvard Theological Review 35, no. 4 (October 1, 1942): 263-289.
Lea, Thomas D., and David A. Black. The New Testament: Its Background and Message. 2d ed. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2003.
Study Two Outline
Last week we gave a small introduction into the life of the Roman Governor Pontus Pilate. This week we get to really dive into who he was as a person.
Pilate was a real person
Often when looking at Christianity as a religion, people want proof was this person real? Did this really happen?
Block of Lime Stone
29/30 30/31 and 31/32 CE
Though there are small amounts of Archeological evidence to show Pilate was a real person, there is a lack of Historical documentation
There is nothing known about his birth or early life
There is also very little known about his career before Judea, although we can make a few assumptions based on his command
Pilate would have been a Roman Citizen
He would have had Military experience
Through the Bible
What is known
All four Gospels have an account of the Crucifixion
The Early Church
Crucified under Pilate
Wrote about the crucifixion, but nothing added to the account that we don’t already know.
However Josephus gives us insight to Pilate’s relationship with the Jews
he sent forth a cohort from the military to establish themselves in Jerusalem
Signs and images didn’t sit well with the people in Jerusalem
there were protests for five days, and on the sixth day Pilate ordered the execution of protestors
Pilate decided he would construct a water supply, hoping to satisfy the Jews