“THE CITY OF SPORTS”
May 13, 2011
Prof. Ravi Kalia
India being one the diverse countries of the world with a lot of different cultures all mixed up living as one. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, and the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and also the most populous democracy in the world. As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.21 billion, India is the world's second most populated country after China. The Indian history goes way back to the time when the Englishmen’s ruled over India and once called it “The Golden Sparrow” and that saying has emerged to be true as India, now as we see it, has become a developed nation from a developing nation. With a total of 28 states and 7 union territories, India has changed a lot cultural-wise as well as architectural-wise. All these states played their own crucial role in building up India’s reputation to this high level. A lot of changes could be seen in India which were not to be seen as of 20 years from now. Out of all these states, I believe that Punjab has played, if not more but equally, important role in the development. Since Punjab is a big state so specifically talking I would say Jalandhar city, after Chandigarh, has been one of the main cities to put an impact on the Indian development. As of 2011 census, Punjab has a total population of 27,704,236
Jalandhar, also known as a City of Sports, is a city in Jalandhar District in the state of Punjab, India. It was called “Prasthala” at the time of Mahabharata and “Jullundur” in British times. It is also said that the city is named after a demon king, Jaldhar, from the Puranas and Mahabharata times. According to another source, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of Raja Lav, son of Lord Rama. According to yet another source, Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term ‘Jalandhar’, meaning ‘area inside the water’, i.e. the space lying between the two rivers Sutlej and Beas. Jalandhar, besides Multan, is one of the oldest surviving cities of the Punjab region. Jalandhar was captured by the Faizullahpuria confederacy in 1766. Ranjit Singh annexed it in 1811, and in 1846, it became the headquarters of the territory acquired by the British after the first Sikh War. During British rule, Jalandhar city became the headquarters of the Division and District of the same name. It was also the capital of Punjab from India's independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built in 1953 which became the new capital of Punjab. Today, Jalandhar is one of the important tourist destinations and one of the fast growing industrialized sectors of Punjab. The first language spoken by majority of the people in the city is Punjabi. Jalandhar also being my hometown and after nurturing 16 years of my life, I have experienced a lot of changes being made, cultural-wise and also architectural-wise, myself. Now talking about some of the ancient structures which could be still found in some part of Jalandhar.
Like the first one being is the Tomb of Mohammed Momin which is located in Nakodar, a municipal council in Jalandhar district of Punjab. The Tomb of Mohammed Momin was built over the mortal remains of Ustad Muhammed Momin , a tambura player in the service of Khan-I-Khanan. Standing on an octagonal platform and approached by a flight of steps on two sides, it is square from inside and octagonal on outside. Surmounted by a pinnacle, the hemispherical dome sits over a low cylindrical drum and is relieved by four cupolas. Each of the longer face is pierced by deep recesses while the shorter by half octagonal recesses placed one over the other, all covered by pointed arches. The entrances are on the northern and southern recesses while the other recesses are blocked with pierced tracery screens. The middle portions of the panels...