Interpersonal Communication

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Vocabulary Terms

Communicative competence-The ability to communicate in a personally effective and socially appropriate manner. Message competence-The ability to make message choices that others can comprehend as well as to respond to the message choice of others. Intrapersonal comm.-Communication that a person has with him or herself. This is often regarded as "self communication" Interpersonal comm.-Communication between two people, generally on face-to face interaction. Relational competence-The ability to process and create messages that convey the type of relationship assumed or desired by a communicator at a given moment. Self-esteem-A sense of one's own dignity or worth.

Dialectic approach-Dialogues between opposing "voices", each expressing a different and contradictory impulse. Relationshipping-The process of building healthy relationships. Interdependence-A reciprocal relation between interdependent entities. Self-fulfilling prophecy-Involves both perception and behavior. Role-The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual

Role rigidity-This occurs when a role takes over ones identity. Social comparison theory-Is the idea that individuals learn about and assess themselves by comparison with other people. Self-perception theory-Maintains that one way we learn about who we are is through self-observation. Self-concept-Developing a sense of individuality and a personal communication style. Liking-Feelings which are expressed through non-verbal communication. Accenting-Refers to nonverbals that underline or focus attention on a specific word or phrase. Repeating-A nonverbal message to help the receiver process the total message. Substituting-Occurs when we avoid a verbal response altogether and use a non-verbal response in its place. Contradicting-Occurs when nonverbal messages are contrary to verbal messages. Regulating-Occurs when nonverbal codes regulate the flow of talk. Proxemics- The study of the cultural, behavioral, and sociological aspects of spatial distances between individuals Territoriality-legal or assumed ownership of space.

Personal space-Used to describe an imaginary bubble extending out from our bodies, an area considered to be almost as private as the body itself.

Kinesics-The study of body movements such as gestures, posture, and head, trunk, and limb movements. Equilibrium theory-Presents one explanation of how the various nonverbal codes interact. Symbol-Are units of meaning that are arbitrary and conventional. Semantics-Of or relating to meaning, especially meaning in language Denotative meanings-The meaning that was agreed upon when the language code was constructed. Connotative meaning-Private, often emotionally charged meaning. Linguistic determinism-Language determines the way we interpret the world. Instrumental talk-When we are acting instrumentally, we are attempting to achieve a specific goal, trying to get something done through talk. Content messages-Conveys the explicit topic of a message, it consists of the ideas or feelings the speaker is trying to share. Relational message-Messages about relationship themselves.

Relational culture-When two people develop common orientations and behaviors. Relational themes-States that we communicate about the following issues; dominance-submission, emotional arousal, composure, similarity, formality, task-social orientation, and intimacy. Double blind-The relationship between two people involved must be in intense and important one; the "victim" must be presented with a contradictory injunction; and he or she must have no way of escaping, either by recognizing the paradoxical nature of the message or by withdrawing from the interaction. Empathy-The ability to spontaneously identify with another on a direct emotional level. Stimulus-Any unit of sensory input.

Response-Any unit of behavior.
Social learning theory-Emphasis direct learning, learning that involves...
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