An International Organization is an intergovernmental organization with an international membership, scope, and/or presence. The purpose of an International Organization is to build diplomacy and international relations among its members through negotiation, meeting, discussion, socio-economic and cultural relations, as well as to settle disputes amicably. Each international organization has specific aims and purposes and a goal-oriented membership. At the end of World War II, one of the foremost International Organizations that was created to maintain world peace, was the United Nations Organization. Along with its allied agencies, the UNO strives to maintain peace and promote peace building activities. Many Regional Organizations like the NATO, ASEAN, EU, SAARC, GCC, OPEC and many others are also in existence today which seek to promote regional interests and build regional co-operation and security. In addition, many Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO’s) also operate to promote various social and environmental non-profit activities.
The United Nations Organization:
The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War. Membership is open to all peace loving nations that accept the principles of the UNO. The UN has 4 main purposes * Maintenance of International Peace and security
* To promote universal respect for Human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without any discrimination of race, sex, language or religion. * To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms; To promote a high standard of living, full employment and socio-economic progress and development
The UNO today has 193 members with South Sudan as the latest state to join in 2011. (This does not include Kosovo and Taiwan which are recognized as nations but are not members of the UNO as yet). The work of the United Nations reaches every corner of the globe. Although best known for peacekeeping, peace building, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance, there are many other ways through which the United Nations and its specialized agencies affect our lives and make the world a better place.
The Charter of the United Nations came into force on 24 October 1945. The UN consists of six main bodies;
The General Assembly: is composed of representatives of all Member States. It is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprising all Members of the United Nations, it provides a forum for multilateral discussion of international issues. All countries have equal rights and privileges and have the same duties and obligations. The Assembly meets in regular session intensively from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.
The Security Council has primary responsibility, for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Council is composed of five permanent members — China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States — and ten non-permanent members. The Security Council has primary responsibility, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It also organized to function continuously, and a representative of each of its members must be present at all times at United Nations Headquarters. All member nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council.
When a complaint concerning a threat to peace is brought before it, the Council's first action is usually to recommend to the parties to try to reach agreement by peaceful means. In some cases, the Council itself undertakes investigation and mediation. It may appoint special representatives or request the Secretary-General to do so or to use his good offices. It may set forth principles for a peaceful settlement....