Australia as a global citizen:
Historically Australia and its political leaders have known their role in the global community being a part of many organizations designed to make the world a better place, and uphold the rights of humanity. Australia has been an integral part of the formation of the UN, and is one its most active members. The United Nations is an international organization with over 190 member states, its goal to avoid the recurrence of violent conflicts; to affirm fundamental human rights; to guarantee respect for international law and to improve living standards around the world. Australia along with 51 other countries are known as the founding members of the UN in 1945. An Australian Dr H. V. Evratt played a principal role in the founding role of the UN. From 1948-1949 he served as the president of the United nations General assembly. As a smaller country, we cannot be involved in all issues of the UN, however our main interests lie in the areas of international security and disarmament; environment protection; development and human rights; and in issues relating to agriculture, refugees and international nuclear safeguards. Australia is very closely involved with the 6 core human rights treaties of the UN. These 6 treaties are: * the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; * the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; * the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; * the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; * the Convention on the Rights of the Child; and
* the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Australia has also been involved with the United Nations Development Programme as well as the World Trade Organization. The UNDP: Strives to reduce poverty; increase literacy; create jobs; enhance technical cooperation between industrialized and...
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