Integration and National Unity

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LESSON 9

INTEGRATION AND NATIONAL UNITY

1.0 Introduction

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

Malaysia is a unique country. It is made up of multi-ethnic group who are living in harmony. Conflict among ethnic group is rare and even if conflict occurs, is not to the extent of destroying the country. In fact, it is the diversity that drives the development of the country and makes this country colourful. Malaysia has been recognized by the world as a model for other plural societies. The concept of ‘unity in diversity’ is always insisted by the leaders. The concept is now supported with the ‘1 Malaysia’ concept which is introduced by the current Prime Minister. The Malaysian government is always put efforts to ensure the unity among the people because the unity is very important for national unity. The national unity will ensure the country’s prosperity and the prosperity will create national integration. The unity and integration is the ultimate aim of development. Thus, in this lesson, you will come across the efforts of the Malaysian government towards creating national integration.

2.0 Learning Outcomes

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. Identify and discuss the efforts taken by the Malaysian government to ensure stability and unity among the races 2. Discover the challenges faced in creating national integration 3. Identify the approach to overcome the obstacles and challenges

3. List of Topics

2 The Concept of Unity and Integration

1. The Obstacles and Challenges Towards National Integration 2. The Approach and Policy to Overcome the Obstacles and Challenges

4.0 Terminologies

4.1 Prejudice
Attitude towards others based on evidences which is not concrete and might be wrong

4.2 Communalism
An attitude of favouring one’s own ethnic group

4.3 Ethnocentrism
A perception that one’s own culture is superior to that of others

5.0 Topics

5.1 The Concept of Unity and Integration

1. Presentation

Can you define what unity and integration are? Is there any difference between the two? Unity and integration are interlinked in which both aims at bringing different races, closer together. In Malaysia context, unity can be defined as a process of forming a national identity among various groups that have differences in beliefs, cultures, customs, politics, social, economic functions and location into a political entity. In other words, national unity is a process to unite various groups that have different social and cultural background into one physical entity. For example, the effort of uniting Sabah, Sarawak and the Peninsular of Malaysia into a federation, is an effort at achieving national unity.

Meanwhile, integration has a wider meaning as compared to unity. It is a process of uniting groups with different backgrounds into one entity which is bound by common norms, values and interests. When the integration takes place, there will be a sense of belonging and ties of feelings between people themselves. From integration also, there will be a sharing of heart and minds that goes beyond cultural and ethnic differences. From the concept above, do you think that the national integration can be achieved? It is quite difficult and time-consuming but efforts must be always there to achieve the national integration. The national integration becomes the ultimate aim of the government to ensure stability and national development.

2. Activities

From your observation of being a citizen of Malaysia or of being in Malaysia, do you think that the people are united and integrated? Discuss.

5.2 The Obstacles and Challenges towards National Integration

5.2.1Presentation

As being mentioned above, achieving national integration is not an easy task, but efforts must go on. This is due to the existence of economic, social, cultural,...
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