National Integration

Topics: Millennium Development Goals, Poverty, Sociology Pages: 104 (24031 words) Published: October 3, 2012
Republic of Kenya

Ministry of Justice, National Cohesion and Constitutional Affairs


January 2012

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Acronyms1



1.2Rationale for National Cohesion and Integration Policy3

1.3Defining National Cohesion and Integration4

1.4Dimensions of National Cohesion and Integration5

1.5Formulating the National Cohesion and Integration Policy8

2Situational Analysis and Diagnosis of Cohesion and Integration Challenges in Kenya9


2.2Policy, Legal and Institutional Framework for National Cohesion and Integration13

2.3SWOT Analysis21
3National Cohesion and Integration Policy Framework24





3.5Objectives of the National Cohesion and Integration Policy24

3.6National Cohesion and Integration Policies and Strategies25 4Implementation, Coordination and Role of Stakeholders39

4.1Co-ordination Mechanisms41

4.2Roles of State Actors41

4.3The Roles of Non-State Actors42
5Legal Framework and Enforcement Mechanism54
6Monitoring and Evaluation55
7Financing of National Cohesion and Integration Initiatives57 8Policy Review58

Abbreviations and Acronyms

ASAL Arid and Semi Arid Land
CBOCommunity-Based Organization
CEWS Conflict Early Warning System
COTUCentral Organization of Trade Unions
DFRDDistrict Focus for Rural Development
DPC District Peace Committee
EACEast African Community
ERSWECEconomic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation FPEFree Primary Education
GoKGovernment of Kenya
ICCInternational Criminal Court
IEC Information, Education and Communication
IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
IGADD Inter-Government Agency for Desertification and Development KACC Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission
KANU Kenya African National Union
KEPSAKenya Private Sector Alliance
KIHBSKenya Integrated Household Budget Survey
KNBSKenya National Bureau of Statistics
KNCHRKenya National Commission on Human Rights
KPU Kenya People’s Union
MDGMillennium Development Goal
MOJCCAMinistry of Justice, National Cohesion and Constitutional Affairs MTEF Medium Term Expenditure Framework
MTPMedium Term Plan
NARC National Alliance Rainbow Coalition
NCICNational Cohesion and Integration Commission
NEPADNew Partnership for Africa’s Development
NESCNational Economic and Social Council
NGONon-governmental Organization
NIMES National Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System
NSANon-State Actors
NSC National Steering Committee
NYSNational Youth Service
PRSPPoverty Reduction Strategy Paper
SAPStructural Adjustment Programme
SMART Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Reliable and Time-bound SWOTStrengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
TJRC Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission
UNCDUniversal Declaration on Cultural Diversity
UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
UNICEFUnited Nations Children’s Fund
USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development


1 Background

1) At Kenya’s independence in 1963, the government identified illiteracy, ignorance, and poverty as major socio-economic challenges facing the nation.[1] At that time, Kenya’s development model focused primarily on growth and poverty reduction, which was in tandem with the generally accepted development models. The focus on growth and poverty reduction is presently viewed as necessary for development, but not sufficient to ensure equity, and national cohesion and integration, which are necessary for long term development prospects and sustained nationhood. Indeed, national cohesion and integration, which encompasses unity, social inclusion, freedom, democracy and rule of law has been an elusive...
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