Inferiority complex is a term used to describe a sense of inferiority an individual feels about oneself towards other people or even people in a whole nation who dismiss their own culture as inferior to the cultures of other countries. Such feelings can arise from an imagined or actual inferiority, therefore there is no such rule that people with this complex are actually inferior. The issue is often subconscious, and is thought to drive affected individuals to overreact, resulting either in spectacular achievements, extreme antisocial behavior, or both.
However, everyone suffers from a normal feeling of inferiority, which, unlike an inferiority complex, is a less advanced state of discouragement, an incentive for achievement. Another term for this is having very low self esteem or self confidence and it is well-known that many people go through this phase one way or another in some point in their life, like, for example, when one has a distorted view of oneself, such as through excessive criticism and negative reviews from peers.
A high self esteem, or strong confidence in one's qualities do not guarantee the actual value of the person, as, for instance, there are numerous individuals holding degrees in fields such as Quantum Physics that are crippled by an inferiority complex, despite their obvious merits. This contrast between the foolish and excessively confident and the modest, but knowledgeable scholars results from the sheer ignorance of the first.
Moreover, it has become a very common practice among journalists, writers, and other contemporary Romanian history analists to refer to a inferiority complex when describing the behaviour of earlier generations of Romanians. This syndrome implies the belief that one's own country occupies a subordinate cultural place among others, intellectual standards are low, and progress does not occur here, but rather elsewhere. As a consequence, a person holding this belief is inclined to...